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Optical Studies and Micro-Structure Modeling of the Circular-Polarizing Scarab Beetles Cetonia aurata, Potosia cuprea, Liocola marmorata
Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Applied Optics . (Laboratory of Applied Optics)
2010 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10,5 credits / 16 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

The aim of the work presented in this thesis is to contribute to a fundamental understanding of polarizing phenomena in some scarab beetles. The aim is also to study the beetle structures as inspiration in fabrication of artificially sculptured films. The three investigated species Cetonia aurata, Potosia cuprea and Liocola marmorata are of the family Scarabaediae and subfamily Cetoniianae (Guldbaggar). They were all collected at Swedish locations and are the only species of Cetoniinae scarabs in Sweden. This work reports on their optical properties represented by Mueller matrix elements, degree of polarization data and trace curves in the Cartesian complex plane representation of polarized light. From these results we verifyan earlier structural model for the Cetonia aurata and make way for similar models of the other two species.

The ellipsometer used in this work is of dual rotating compensator type from which the complete Mueller-matrix for the medium examined can be obtained. The ellipsometric measurements were conducted on the scutellum for four different angles of incidence, 45°, 55°, 65° and 75° over a wave-length range of 245-1000 nm.

Common for all examined species is that left polarization is observed in the wavelength range of 400 800 nm. For most of these species the polarization state is close to circular at some wavelengths especially at smaller angles of incidence. In general the degree of polarization is high (above 50%) when the polarization is near-circular. The degree of polarization also shows a clear dependence on the angle of incidence. The earlier model for Cetonia aurata shows a good agreement with the experimental data of this work. The model is also found as a good basis to work from to create models for the other two species.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. , 45 p.
Keyword [en]
Optical Studies, Micro-Structure Modeling, Circular-Polarizing, Cetonia aurata, Potosia cuprea, Liocola marmorata, Scarab beetles, RC2, Ellipsometry, Guldbaggar
National Category
Physical Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-61254ISRN: LITH-IFM-G-EX--10/2368—SEOAI: diva2:361276
Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics
Available from: 2010-11-09 Created: 2010-11-08 Last updated: 2010-11-09Bibliographically approved

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