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A conceptual model of the travel implications of telecommuting
Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
2002 (English)In: Humans in a complex environment : proceedings of the 34th annual congress of the Nordic Ergonomics Society / [ed] D. Caldenfors, J. Eklund, L. Kiviloog, 2002Conference paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The research field of telecommuting and its travel implications has been studied for more than 30 years. The research field's questions have methodologically been studied deductively, speculatively and inductively. The research has been able to confirm the existence of a number of different travel relations, but a firm foundation that connects and describes the various travel effects interrelations has not been made, which is what this articles aims to do: to contextually describe and discuss how telecommuting affects various trips and travel patterns and present a conceptual model hereof. The method used has been theoretically deductive and empirically inductive. The result is a model of four contextually and indirectly affecting travel categories and three directly affecting travel categories. These seven categories and their inbound travel variables are desribed, as is their reciprocal relations and, in the end, the travel outcome.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
National Category
Engineering and Technology
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-61978ISBN: 91-7373-444-6OAI: diva2:370963
The Nordic Ergonomics Society Society 34th Annual Congress on Humans in a Complex Environment, 1-3 October, 2002, Kolmården, Sweden
Available from: 2010-11-18 Created: 2010-11-18 Last updated: 2013-01-21
In thesis
1. Telecommuting's implications on travel and travel patterns
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Telecommuting's implications on travel and travel patterns
2004 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The subject field is within technology and social change, with focus particularly on telecommuting and the possible changes that arises in the travel patterns as a result of the telecommuting situation. When a person starts working from home once or twice a week instead of commuting back and forth to the main work place, a number of changes in the telecommuters' distribution of travel can and most probably will arise. The commute trip is often excluded, which leads to the so-called substitution effect. Non-work related trips might be generated and the mix of different types of trips as well as the trips temporal and modal choices is affected. On the aggregate. urban congestion may be reduced and the work form may contribute to the urban sprawl, which may lead to an increase in vehicle kilometres travelled. These and some other travel pattern changes due to telecommuting are the topics studied in the thesis. The comprehensive purpose is to: "Describe how telecommuting affects telecommuters' travel and travel patterns by exploring the work form's travel implications. their mutual interaction and explaining the consequent travel outcome".

The thesis has confirmed the work forms net travel reducing effect. Commute trips obviously decreases when working from home, but telecommuting is also expected to lead to an increase in non-commute trips, which it does too, but the work form even reduces a number of non-commute trips, with the probable total outcome of a net travel reduction even for the non-commute trips. A discovery that makes the travel reduction less than initially believed however is the substantial amount of telecommuters frequently practising half-day telecommuting. Half-day telecommuting does in turn stimulate travel mode changes. with increased car usage for commuting in preference of public transportation. For non-commutes, the travel mode tends to shift from cars to non-motorised travel means, such as bicycles and walks instead.

A conceptual model is constructed in order to increase the understanding of the underlying causes for the interrelations between telecommuting and travel and the accordingly travel effects. Further, the relations and connections between telecommuting and long distance telecommuting is contextually discussed with regards to how rural telecommutcrs travel pattern potentially differentiates from urban telecommuters. The discussion resulted in 18 hypothetical differences between urban and rural telecommuters' travel patterns, which provide a foundation on which to develop future studies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköpings universitet, 2004. 106 p.
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Dissertations, ISSN 0345-7524 ; 869
National Category
Computer Science
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-23211 (URN)2622 (Local ID)91-7373-935-9 (ISBN)2622 (Archive number)2622 (OAI)
Public defence
2004-05-26, Visionen, Hus B, Linköpings Universitet, Linköping, 13:15 (Swedish)
Available from: 2009-10-07 Created: 2009-10-07 Last updated: 2013-01-21

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Skåmedal, Jo
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