Long-term survival according to ventilation mode in acute respiratory failure secondary to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: A multicenter, inception cohort study
2010 (English)In: JOURNAL OF CRITICAL CARE, ISSN 0883-9441, Vol. 25, no 3Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Purpose: The aim of the study was to investigate 5-year survival stratified by mechanical ventilation modality in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients treated in the ICU. Materials and Methods: Prospective, observational study of COPD patients with acute respiratory failure admitted to 9 multidisciplinary ICUs in Sweden. Characteristics on admission, including illness severity scores and the first blood gas, and survival were analyzed stratified by ventilation modality (noninvasive [NIV] vs invasive mechanical ventilation). Results: Ninety-three patients, mean age of 70.6 (SD, 9.6) years, were included. Sixteen patients were intubated immediately, whereas 77 were started on NIV. Patients who were started on NIV had a lower median body mass index (BMI) (21.9 vs 27.0; P andlt; .01) and were younger compared to those who were intubated immediately (median age, 70 vs 74.5 years; P andlt; .05). There were no differences in the initial blood gas results between the groups. Long-term survival was greater in patients with NIV (P andlt; .05, log rank). The effect of NIV on survival remained after including age, Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II score, and BMI in a multivariate Cox regression model (NIV hazard ratio, 0.44; 95% confidence interval, 0.21-0.92). Fifteen patients with failed NIV were intubated and mechanically ventilated. Long-term survival in patients with failed NIV was not significantly different from patients who were intubated immediately. Conclusion: The short-term survival benefit of NIV previously found in randomized controlled trials still applies after 5 years of observation.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier Science B. V., Amsterdam , 2010. Vol. 25, no 3
Intensive care, Mechanical ventilation, Noninvasive ventilation, Endotracheal intubation, Long-term outcome
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-62148DOI: 10.1016/j.jcrc.2010.02.006ISI: 000283719800028OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-62148DiVA: diva2:371288