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Physical and psychological symptoms and learning difficulties in children of women exposed and non-exposed to violence: a population-based study.
Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Preventive and Social Medicine and Public Health Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Preventive and Social Medicine and Public Health Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
Department of Health Sciences, Mid-Sweden University Sundsvall Sweden.
Pediatrik Umeå universitet.
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2011 (English)In: International Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1661-8556, E-ISSN 1661-8564, Vol. 56, no 1, 89-96 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVES: To analyse the association between violence against mothers and the health of their children as reported by the mothers. METHODS: The data originate from a multistage sampling health-questionnaire survey, distributed to a representative sample of women in Sweden. The health of 283 children (aged 0-18 years), as reported by women who had been exposed to violence at home or outside home during the past 12 months, was compared with that of 4,664 children of non-exposed mothers. RESULTS: Odds ratios regarding most registered physical symptoms showed that children of violence-exposed mothers had a significant higher risk of ill health than children of non-exposed mothers. Regarding psychological symptoms and learning difficulties, the odds were raised for girls for most symptoms, but not for boys. A twofold increase in health-care utilisation and an overall general increase in the risk of pharmaceutical consumption were shown for both girls and boys of exposed mothers. CONCLUSIONS: This population-based study shows an increased risk of poorer health amongst boys and girls aged 0-18 years, as reported by mothers exposed to violence.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2011. Vol. 56, no 1, 89-96 p.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-62254DOI: 10.1007/s00038-010-0165-0ISI: 000286944400012PubMedID: 20617453OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-62254DiVA: diva2:372181
Available from: 2010-11-24 Created: 2010-11-24 Last updated: 2017-12-12Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Violence through the life cycle: A public health problem
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Violence through the life cycle: A public health problem
2012 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Background: Violence has probably always been part of the human experience. Its impact can be seen, in various forms, in all parts of the world. In 1996, WHO:s Forty-Ninth World Health Assembly adopted a resolution , declaring violence a major and growing public health problem around the world. Public health work centers around health promotion and disease prevention activities in the population and public health is an expression of the health status of the population taking into account both the level and the distribution of health. Exposure to violence can have many aspects, differing throughout the life course — deprivation of autonomy, financial exploitation, psychological and physical neglect or abuse — but all types share common characteristics: the use of destructive force to control others by depriving them of safety, freedom, health and, in too many instances, life; the epidemic proportions of the problem, particularly among vulnerable groups; a devastating impact on individuals, families, neighborhoods, communities, and society.

Methods: Three different data sources were used in the four articles, three cross-sectional studies (“Life and Health in Norrland” and “Health on Equal Terms 2004 and 2006”) and one longitudinal (“Level-of-Living Survey”).

Results: We present an important picture of the strong association between exposure to violence and ill health through the life cycle. A population-based study showed an increased risk of poorer physical and psychological health among boys and girls aged 0-18, as reported by their mothers exposed to violence. Further, a strong association between those exposed to violence and physical and mental ill health was demonstrated in young adults aged 18-25, also after adjusting for possible confounders, specifically for women. Even in an elder group aged 65-84, representative results showed an extensive negative health outcome panorama caused by fear of crime and exposure to abuse both in elderly men and women. Lastly, in trying to provide additional empirical support for the association between exposure to violence and ill health the prospective study demonstrated that violence exposure in adolescence and young adulthood presented a negative association to severe illness burden in adulthood for women but not men.

Conclusion: Exposure to violence among both men and women is an important risk factor for ill health and should receive greater attention in public health work. A strong association between violence and various health outcomes was demonstrated in different time periods through the life cycle.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2012. 84 p.
Series
Linköping University Medical Dissertations, ISSN 0345-0082 ; 1307
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-77044 (URN)978-91-7519-905-4 (ISBN)
Public defence
2012-06-07, Aulan, Hälsans hus, Campus US, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, 13:00 (English)
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Supervisors
Available from: 2012-05-03 Created: 2012-05-03 Last updated: 2012-05-03Bibliographically approved

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Olofsson, NiclasLindqvist, Kent

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