Study of immune and haemostatic response induced by protein multilayers.
Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Studie av immunologiska och haemostatiska svar inducerade av proteinmultilager. (English)
FibMat2.0 is a fibrinogen multilayer developed by AddBIO. Other proteins such as immunoglobulin G (IgG) and human serum albumin (HSA) can also be used to build multilayers with the same technique. The aim of this study of FibMat2.0 was to investigate if the manufacturing of the protein multilayer would induce an immune or haemostatic response in the body. The multilayers of IgG and HSA were also studied. Methods such as null ellipsometry, imaging of coagulation and the cone-and-plate setup were used to study immune reactions, activation of the coagulation cascade, and stability of the multilayers.
Small amounts of plasma proteins were adsorbed to fibrinogen multilayers, but complement proteins adsorbed only to the IgG matrix and high molecular weight kininogen (HMWK) adsorbed only to the HSA monolayer. The imaging of coagulation method indicated that the titanium surface and the HSA monolayer activate surface induced coagulation rapidly, whereas fibrinogen and IgG multilayers demonstrated longer coagulation times. Platelets and a few white blood cells were bound to titanium surfaces and fibrinogen multilayers, but not to IgG multilayers or HSA monolayers.
A conclusion in this study is that the surface of an implant can be coated with FibMat2.0 without any risks, but more studies are needed to better understand the interactions between the surfaces prepared in the present study and the immune and the haemostatic systems of the human body.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. , 65 p.
biomaterial complement coagulation protein multilayer cone-and-plate imaging
Biomaterials Science Dentistry
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-62304ISRN: LITH-IFM-A-EX-10/2376-SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-62304DiVA: diva2:372626