Marital status, quality of life, and clinical outcome in patients with heart failure
2006 (English)In: Heart & Lung, ISSN 0147-9563, E-ISSN 1527-3288, Vol. 35, no 1, 3-8 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
AIM: This study investigated the impact of having a partner on quality of life (QoL), the number of hospital readmissions, and 9-month survival in patients with heart failure (HF). METHODS: The study population consisted of hospitalized patients with HF. QoL was measured by the Cantril Ladder of Life (0-10) during hospital admission. Clinical data, readmission rate, and number of deaths were registered by patient interview and chart review. RESULTS: Of the 179 patients, 96 (54%) were married or were living with a partner. Differences in QoL between married patients and those living alone were most pronounced with regard to future expectations of QoL (6.5 vs 5.0, P=.00). However, in a multivariate model QoL was primarily associated with socioeconomic status, age, and gender. Married patients had 12% less events in the 9-month follow-up period compared with patients living alone (P=not significant). CONCLUSION: This study indicates that most patients with HF who are living alone are mostly elderly women with a low socioeconomic status, who are at risk for recurrent events and a worse QoL.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 35, no 1, 3-8 p.
National CategoryMedical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-62471DOI: 10.1016/j.hrtlng.2005.08.001PubMedID: 16426930OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-62471DiVA: diva2:373276