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Regional Endogenous Technological Change and Innovative Opportunities: A Swedish Case Study
Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Industrial Marketing and Industrial Economics. Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
2010 (English)In: Entrepreneurship and Technological Change / [ed] Lucio Cassia, Tommaso Minola and Stefano Paleari, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2010Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This chapter explores how a new knowledge base centred on an emerging technology in a declining industrial city can spill over into the surrounding environment. Using a qualitative approach, it presents an in-depth case study of a Swedish urban region in order to explore who the actors are, how they have collaborated in the process and what the outcomes have been. It discusses the impact of a regional collaborative strategy for the creation of entrepreneurial opportunities and concludes that a distinct difference exists between supportive and operative actors in relation to the creation of economic output. In addition, the different categories of the origins of innovative opportunities shed light on what actors are crucial for technological change and grasping the opportunities. These conclusions have theoretical and as well as policy implications.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Edward Elgar Publishing, 2010.
Keyword [en]
Regional technical change, collaboration, entrepreneurship, origin of innovation
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-62642DOI: 10.4337/9781781002018.00018ISBN: 9781849807470 (print)ISBN: 9781781002018 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-62642DiVA: diva2:373773
Conference
High-Tech Small Firm Conference the 27-28 May, Twente, Netherlands
Available from: 2010-12-01 Created: 2010-12-01 Last updated: 2014-03-24Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. The Dynamics of Innovation and Knowledge-Based Regional Development
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Dynamics of Innovation and Knowledge-Based Regional Development
2010 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Geographical regions as diverse as Silicon Valley, California and Linköping, Sweden have been the sources of new technology and endogenously created innovations. Scholars and policymakers recognise that specific regions or clusters of businesses have the capability to engage in more innovative activities and new business formation and to experience higher employment growth than others. This dissertation uses qualitative methods to study various aspects of regional development and innovation. It is based on five papers by the author and colleagues with levels of analysis ranging from regional to firms’ first sales in order to capture the dynamics of both the top and bottom levels of regional development. It then uses these papers’ empirical material to address the research questions of (a) how a new scientific knowledge base becomes established and exploited in a spatial context, and (b) how people create and diffuse innovations in a social and spatial context. This dissertation’s main findings are that (a) regional leadership involving the building of alliances with triple-helix actors is crucial for initiating a knowledge-based regional development process, (b) a consensus space is a catalytic mechanism for ensuring the speed and effectiveness of regional development, (c) lowering the barriers for the actors involved boosts participation and the rate of innovation, and (d) users’ perspectives are essential for social, institutional and commercial innovation. This dissertation’s main implications are that knowledge-based regional development’s initial stages require leadership that (a) builds alliances and establish an arena for the triple-helix actors, (b) analyses the regional barriers to the commercialisation of knowledge, and (c) utilises both endogenous and exogenous resources.

Abstract [sv]

Kännetecknande för regioner som Silicon Valley, och även Linköping, medstark närvaro av kunskapsproducerande aktörer, som ett universitet, är att det frekventoch kontinuerligt genereras nya teknologier som utgör grunden för innovationer ochaffärsmöjligheter. Under de senaste tjugo åren har det från policysynpunkt funnits ettstort intresse hur vida man kan stimulera kunskapsbaserad regional utveckling i formav exempelvis nya universitetssatsningar, riskkapitalinitiativ ochentreprenörskapsprogram.

I den här avhandlingen studeras dynamiken i kunskapsbaserad regionalutveckling och innovation. Av särskilt intresse är framväxten av en ny kunskapsbas ien region och dess möjlighet att generera innovationer. Där av avhandlingens tvåfrågeställningar: (a) Hur etableras en ny kunskapsbas sett ur en regional kontext? (b)Hur skapas och sprids innovationer inom en social och spatial kontext?

Avhandlingen har en kvalitativ ansats med fallstudier som metod. Fem bidragutgör basen för själva avhandlingen. I huvudsak genereras följande slutsatser vilka ärcentrala för att förstå själva problematiken i kunskapsbaserad regional utveckling: (a)Närvaro av regionalt ledarskap med en triple helix orientering är centralt förkunskapsbaserad regional utveckling. (b) En arena för samförstånd bidrar till snabbareoch mer effektiv utveckling. (c) Det finns barriärer i kommersialiseringsprocessen avden nya kunskapen, exempelvis svårigheter för aktörer med ett problem och aktörermed lösningar att finna varandra, som hindrar utvecklingen. (d) Användarperspektivetfinns i alla typer av innovationer; kommersiella, institutionella, och sociala.

De främsta implikationer för praktiker baserat på den här avhandlingen är attför att etablera en kunskapsbaserad regional utvecklingsprocess krävs ett ledarskapsom (a) kan bygga allianser med andra triple helix aktörer och skapa en arena församstånd, (b) kan förstå vilka barriärer för kommersialisering som finns och (c) kananvända sig av både endogena och exogena resurser.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2010. 78 p.
Series
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Dissertations, ISSN 0345-7524 ; 1356
Keyword
Innovation process, dynamics, knowledge-based regional development, social networks, entrepreneurship
National Category
Economics and Business
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-62648 (URN)978-91-7393-2677 (ISBN)
Public defence
2010-12-16, C3, Hus C, Campus Valla, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, 09:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2010-12-01 Created: 2010-12-01 Last updated: 2016-05-04Bibliographically approved

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