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The Dynamics of Innovation and Knowledge-Based Regional Development
Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Industrial Marketing and Industrial Economics . Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
2010 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Geographical regions as diverse as Silicon Valley, California and Linköping, Sweden have been the sources of new technology and endogenously created innovations. Scholars and policymakers recognise that specific regions or clusters of businesses have the capability to engage in more innovative activities and new business formation and to experience higher employment growth than others. This dissertation uses qualitative methods to study various aspects of regional development and innovation. It is based on five papers by the author and colleagues with levels of analysis ranging from regional to firms’ first sales in order to capture the dynamics of both the top and bottom levels of regional development. It then uses these papers’ empirical material to address the research questions of (a) how a new scientific knowledge base becomes established and exploited in a spatial context, and (b) how people create and diffuse innovations in a social and spatial context. This dissertation’s main findings are that (a) regional leadership involving the building of alliances with triple-helix actors is crucial for initiating a knowledge-based regional development process, (b) a consensus space is a catalytic mechanism for ensuring the speed and effectiveness of regional development, (c) lowering the barriers for the actors involved boosts participation and the rate of innovation, and (d) users’ perspectives are essential for social, institutional and commercial innovation. This dissertation’s main implications are that knowledge-based regional development’s initial stages require leadership that (a) builds alliances and establish an arena for the triple-helix actors, (b) analyses the regional barriers to the commercialisation of knowledge, and (c) utilises both endogenous and exogenous resources.

Abstract [sv]

Kännetecknande för regioner som Silicon Valley, och även Linköping, medstark närvaro av kunskapsproducerande aktörer, som ett universitet, är att det frekventoch kontinuerligt genereras nya teknologier som utgör grunden för innovationer ochaffärsmöjligheter. Under de senaste tjugo åren har det från policysynpunkt funnits ettstort intresse hur vida man kan stimulera kunskapsbaserad regional utveckling i formav exempelvis nya universitetssatsningar, riskkapitalinitiativ ochentreprenörskapsprogram.

I den här avhandlingen studeras dynamiken i kunskapsbaserad regionalutveckling och innovation. Av särskilt intresse är framväxten av en ny kunskapsbas ien region och dess möjlighet att generera innovationer. Där av avhandlingens tvåfrågeställningar: (a) Hur etableras en ny kunskapsbas sett ur en regional kontext? (b)Hur skapas och sprids innovationer inom en social och spatial kontext?

Avhandlingen har en kvalitativ ansats med fallstudier som metod. Fem bidragutgör basen för själva avhandlingen. I huvudsak genereras följande slutsatser vilka ärcentrala för att förstå själva problematiken i kunskapsbaserad regional utveckling: (a)Närvaro av regionalt ledarskap med en triple helix orientering är centralt förkunskapsbaserad regional utveckling. (b) En arena för samförstånd bidrar till snabbareoch mer effektiv utveckling. (c) Det finns barriärer i kommersialiseringsprocessen avden nya kunskapen, exempelvis svårigheter för aktörer med ett problem och aktörermed lösningar att finna varandra, som hindrar utvecklingen. (d) Användarperspektivetfinns i alla typer av innovationer; kommersiella, institutionella, och sociala.

De främsta implikationer för praktiker baserat på den här avhandlingen är attför att etablera en kunskapsbaserad regional utvecklingsprocess krävs ett ledarskapsom (a) kan bygga allianser med andra triple helix aktörer och skapa en arena församstånd, (b) kan förstå vilka barriärer för kommersialisering som finns och (c) kananvända sig av både endogena och exogena resurser.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press , 2010. , 78 p.
Series
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Dissertations, ISSN 0345-7524 ; 1356
Keyword [en]
Innovation process, dynamics, knowledge-based regional development, social networks, entrepreneurship
National Category
Economics and Business
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-62648ISBN: 978-91-7393-2677 OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-62648DiVA: diva2:373788
Public defence
2010-12-16, C3, Hus C, Campus Valla, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, 09:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2010-12-01 Created: 2010-12-01 Last updated: 2016-05-04Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. The Norrköping Way: A Knowledge-based Strategy for Renewing a Declining Industrial City
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Norrköping Way: A Knowledge-based Strategy for Renewing a Declining Industrial City
2010 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Norrköping, a small urban area formerly dependent upon old labour-intensive industries, has developed a knowledge-based renewal strategy inspired by ideas emanating from its superseded local economy. Using a longitudinal case study, this paper explicates the dynamics of change amongst a triple helix of university, industry, and government actors that involved building consensus within the city and with its neighbour city of Linköping. The keys to success have been cross-institutional entrepreneurship, aggregating regional and national resources to realise a unique, locally generated strategy rather than adopting the usual list of such hot high-tech topics as information technology, biotechnology, or alternative energy, and striking a balance between intra-regional competition and collaboration in order to achieve common objectives and avoid any stasis arising from hyper-competitiveness. This paper utilizes a Triple Helix “spaces” framework and makes comparisons with other relevant cases to develop a theoretical model of regional renewal through the hybridisation of old and new industrial and knowledge elements.

Keyword
Regional development, triple helix, institutional entrepreneurship, collaboration and competition among city regions
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-62638 (URN)
Conference
50th Anniversary European Congress of the Regional Science Association International 19th – 23rd August 2010 Jönköping, Sweden
Available from: 2010-12-01 Created: 2010-12-01 Last updated: 2016-05-04Bibliographically approved
2. Regional Endogenous Technological Change and Innovative Opportunities: A Swedish Case Study
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Regional Endogenous Technological Change and Innovative Opportunities: A Swedish Case Study
2010 (English)In: Entrepreneurship and Technological Change / [ed] Lucio Cassia, Tommaso Minola and Stefano Paleari, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2010Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This chapter explores how a new knowledge base centred on an emerging technology in a declining industrial city can spill over into the surrounding environment. Using a qualitative approach, it presents an in-depth case study of a Swedish urban region in order to explore who the actors are, how they have collaborated in the process and what the outcomes have been. It discusses the impact of a regional collaborative strategy for the creation of entrepreneurial opportunities and concludes that a distinct difference exists between supportive and operative actors in relation to the creation of economic output. In addition, the different categories of the origins of innovative opportunities shed light on what actors are crucial for technological change and grasping the opportunities. These conclusions have theoretical and as well as policy implications.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Edward Elgar Publishing, 2010
Keyword
Regional technical change, collaboration, entrepreneurship, origin of innovation
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-62642 (URN)10.4337/9781781002018.00018 (DOI)9781849807470 (ISBN)9781781002018 (ISBN)
Conference
High-Tech Small Firm Conference the 27-28 May, Twente, Netherlands
Available from: 2010-12-01 Created: 2010-12-01 Last updated: 2014-03-24Bibliographically approved
3. The contradiction in strategic research programmes: Support established processes or nurture new product ideas, or do both?
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The contradiction in strategic research programmes: Support established processes or nurture new product ideas, or do both?
2005 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The path between science and innovation is not yet fully mapped. The path is not linear from the discovery of a research finding, to the creation of a technology, and to the market introduction of a physical product, service or process based on scientific findings. Instead, innovation, technology, and science interact. The actors, i.e. the scientist, the engineer, and the entrepreneur or the intrapreneur, are involved in processes facilitated by social networks.

The objective of this paper is to explore and explain critical issues for technology transfer and commercialization from a university research programme. Findings are based on a longitudinal in-depth case study of a Swedish university research programme in microelectronics, Eproper. The conclusions of this article are: a) the actors involved in the start of a research programme influence the social network for the whole programme b) there are two different rationales of developing research results: the academic loop and the commercial loop, and c) different sets of skills are needed to license a technology or to build a new venture.

Keyword
Research programme, knowledge transfer, technology transfer, and commercialization
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-62644 (URN)
Conference
Research in Entrepreneurship and Small Business Conference the 17-18 November, Naples, Italy
Available from: 2010-12-01 Created: 2010-12-01 Last updated: 2010-12-01
4. Credibility-Driven Entrepreneurship: A Study of the First Sale
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Credibility-Driven Entrepreneurship: A Study of the First Sale
2011 (English)In: International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Innovation, ISSN 1465-7503, E-ISSN 2043-6882, Vol. 12, no 1, 5-15 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article investigates how external stakeholders influence the first sale of technologybased business-to-business start-up companies. We combine entrepreneurship theory with marketing theory to describe start-ups’ marketing and selling activities and how they reach key milestones. The study shows how two firms, an e-business firm and a new product development firm acquired their first customers. The analysis provides a picture of how a network of the firms’ founders, board members, and owners contributed to their first sales. It also highlights the importance of sales activities, relationships, and industrial knowledge. It examines the importance of external stakeholders’ relative positions in the web of relationships and how relevant these are in affecting outcomes and speed to market. This article concludes that the first sale follows a timeline with three important phases of activities involving credibility, closing, and operations. We find that that credibility is best obtained through establishing relationships.

Keyword
Entrepreneurial theory, networks, relationships, credibility, sales activities
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-62645 (URN)
Conference
Industrial Marketing and Purchasing Group Conference the 11-14 December, Phuket, Thailand
Available from: 2010-12-01 Created: 2010-12-01 Last updated: 2017-12-12
5. Users’ Influence in Social-service Innovations: Two Swedish Case Studies
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Users’ Influence in Social-service Innovations: Two Swedish Case Studies
2010 (English)In: Journal of Social Entrepreneurship, ISSN 1942-0676, Vol. 1, no 2, 190-212 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article uses case studies to address the sources of social innovation, a major contributor to economic growth and welfare services. Following the findings of user-innovation research in the commercial sector, the authors found that social-problem users innovate new social services for solving specific social problems. They also found that superior problem and solution knowledge is one reason for their ability to do this, that their legitimacy with other potential users is an important factor for their innovations’ diffusion and that the legitimacy of the new social services’ operators with other stakeholders is important for acquiring resources for their projects. This contributes to the understanding of the management of social innovation using the established theoretical framework of user innovation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group, 2010
Keyword
Social innovation, user innovation, social services, legitimacy
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-62646 (URN)10.1080/19420676.2010.511813 (DOI)
Available from: 2010-12-01 Created: 2010-12-01 Last updated: 2010-12-01Bibliographically approved

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