liu.seSearch for publications in DiVA
Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Use of anabolic androgenic steroids in substance abusers arrested for crime
Uppsala University.
Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Local Health Care Services in Central Östergötland, Department of Dependency.
Karolinska Institutet.
Uppsala University.
2010 (English)In: DRUG AND ALCOHOL DEPENDENCE, ISSN 0376-8716, Vol. 111, no 3, 222-226 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background Use of anabolic androgenic steroids (AASs) has been associated with both violent crime and the use of illicit drugs The scientific literature on polysubstance abuse as a confounder for AAS-related violence is sparse and ambiguous With the Intent of further investigating this issue we have gathered data concerning drug abuse and AAS experience among substance abusers who have been arrested for a variety of crimes Methods Data were collected from structured interviews with substance abusers (n = 3597) apprehended at two remand prisons in Sweden from 2002 through 2008 Analyses concerned type of criminal act primary drug used during the past year and experience of AAS use Results Those stating AAS experience (n = 924 20 women and 904 men) were more often apprehended for violent crimes (OR = 1 65) This association remained significant after controlling for age and sex (OR = 1 28) AAS users and non-users claimed similar primary substances of use during the past year with the exception of benzodiazepine use which was more common in the AAS group (OR = 2 30) although this did not affect the frequency of violent crime Among MS-experienced participants there was no difference in violent crime incidence between current users and former users Conclusions Study results suggest that AASs do not function as a proximal trigger for violence but still involve an Increased risk for violence in users of illicit drugs These findings also suggest that AAS use is highly overrepresented in women who commit crimes

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam. , 2010. Vol. 111, no 3, 222-226 p.
Keyword [en]
Anabolic androgenic steroids, Violent crime, Substance abuse
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-62747DOI: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2010.04.020ISI: 000283969900006OAI: diva2:374208
Available from: 2010-12-03 Created: 2010-12-03 Last updated: 2011-01-19

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full text
By organisation
Department of Dependency
Medical and Health Sciences

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Altmetric score

Total: 26 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link