Sclerostin Antibody Treatment Enhances Metaphyseal Bone Healing in Rats
2010 (English)In: JOURNAL OF BONE AND MINERAL RESEARCH, ISSN 0884-0431, Vol. 25, no 11, 2412-2418 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Sclerostin is the product of the SOST gene Loss of-function mutations in the SOST gene result in a high bone-mass phenotype demonstrating that sclerostin is a negative regulator of bone mass Primarily expressed by osteocytes in bone sclerostin is reported to bind the LRP5/6 receptor thereby antagonizing canonical Wnt signaling and negatively regulating bone formation We therefore investigated whether systemic administration of a sclerostin neutralizing antibody would increase the regeneration of traumatized metaphyseal bone in rats Young male rats had a screw inserted in the proximal tibia and were divided into six groups given 25 mg/kg of sclerostin antibody or control twice a week subcutaneously for 2 or 4 weeks In four groups, the screws were tested for pull out strength At the time of euthanasia a similar screw also was inserted in the contralateral tibia and pull-out tested immediately Sclerostin antibody significantly increased the pull out force by almost 50% compared with controls after 2 and 4 weeks Also the screws inserted at the time of euthanasia showed increased pull out force Micro-computed tomography (mu CT) of the remaining two groups showed that the antibody led to a 30% increase in bone volume fraction in a region surrounding the screw There also was a general increase in trabecular thickness in cancellous bone Thus as measured by the amount of bone and its mechanical resistance the sclerostin antibody increased bone formation during metaphyseal repair but also in untraumatized bone
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Society for Bone and Mineral Research , 2010. Vol. 25, no 11, 2412-2418 p.
bone formation;implants;bone repair;sclerostin;antibody
National CategoryMedical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-62733DOI: 10.1002/jbmr.135ISI: 000284133500016PubMedID: 20499342OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-62733DiVA: diva2:374233