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A Nonlinear Multi-Proxy Model Based on Manifold Learning to Reconstruct Water Temperature from High Resolution Trace Element Profiles in Biogenic Carbonates
Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Belgium.
Linköping University, Department of Electrical Engineering, Automatic Control. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Belgium.
Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Belgium.
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2010 (English)In: Geoscientific Model Development, ISSN 1991-959X, E-ISSN 1991-9603, Vol. 3, no 3, 653-667 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A long standing problem in paleoceanography concerns the reconstruction of water temperature from δ18O carbonate, which for freshwater influenced environments is hindered because the isotopic composition of the ambient water (related to salinity) affects the reconstructed temperature. In this paper we argue for the use of a nonlinear multi-proxy method called Weight Determination by Manifold Regularization to develop a temperature reconstruction model that is less sensitive to salinity variations. The motivation for using this type of model is twofold: Firstly, observed nonlinear relations between specific proxies and water temperature motivate the use of nonlinear models. Secondly, the use of multi-proxy models enables salinity related variations of a given temperature proxy to be explained by salinity-related information carried by a separate proxy. Our findings confirm that Mg/Ca is a powerful paleothermometer and highlight that reconstruction performance based on this proxy is improved significantly by combining its information with the information of other trace elements in multi-proxy models. Using Mg/Ca, Sr/Ca, Ba/Ca and Pb/Ca the WDMR model enabled a temperature reconstruction with a root mean squared error of ±2.19 °C for a salinity range between 15 and 32.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Copernicus Publications , 2010. Vol. 3, no 3, 653-667 p.
Keyword [en]
Nonlinear, Manifold learning, Water temperature, Biogenic carbonates, Weight determination by manifold regularization
National Category
Control Engineering
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-62908DOI: 10.5194/gmd-3-653-2010ISI: 000285965100018OAI: diva2:375050
Available from: 2010-12-07 Created: 2010-12-07 Last updated: 2014-09-24

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