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Kommunal krisberedskap: utveckling genom samverkan och tekniska informationssystem
Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science . Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
2010 (Swedish)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Flera kriser har testat Sveriges krishanteringssystem, exempelvis Tsunamin i Indonesien2004, stormen Gudrun 2005 och evakueringen från Libanon 2006. Det har visat sig attkriskommunikationen brister mellan de många olika aktörer som är och måste varainvolverade vid en kris. På lokal nivå är kommunen, enligt lag (SFS 2006:544), ansvarig förkrishanteringen. För att kommunen ska kunna hantera en kris är en väl fungerandekriskommunikation avgörande.

Samverkan och tekniska informationssystem är två verktyg för att utvecklakriskommunikationen. Hur skapas samverkan och hur väljer kommuner tekniskainformationssystem inom krisberedskap?

Frågeställningarna besvaras genom kvalitativa fallstudier på kommunal nivå. Två fall harstuderats, ett om skapande av samverkan och ett om val av tekniska informationssystem inomkrisberedskap. Fallstudierna analyseras med stöd av teorier om policynätverk,implementeringsteori och styrningsstrukturerna government och governance.

För att inter-kommunal samverkan ska skapas inom krisberedskap visade studien att delningav resurser är viktigt. Kommunerna fick kostandseffektivt en krisberedskap med god kvalité.Samtidigt blev de beroende av varandra. Det som försvårade samverkan var geografiskahinder, kommunstorlek, avsaknad av tradition och ömsesidig förståelse, samt ovilja att ge uppsin självständighet.

Vid kommunernas val av tekniska system var det betydelsefullt med sociala relationer,kommunstorlek, teknikens komplexitet och hur arbetet leddes med att välja system – om detfanns en drivande nyckelperson. Generellt valde mindre kommuner ett statligt teknisktinformationssystem som var gratis medan större kommuner var mer intresserade av system påden privata marknaden med fler funktioner och högre komplexitet. Hur kommuner valdetekniska informationssystem varierade således.

Kort sagt, det som visade sig ha betydelse i båda fallstudierna var kompetensen hos dekommunala tjänstemännen och deras sociala relationer, styrningsstrukturen från statligt håll(där mer mjuka än hårda instrument användes), samt kommunstorlek (det fanns en skillnadmellan små och stora kommuner).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press , 2010. , 58 p.
Series
FiF-avhandling - Filosofiska fakulteten – Linköpings universitet, ISSN 1401-4637 ; 99
Keyword [sv]
Krisberedskap, kommuner, samverkan, tekniska informationssystem, governance, implementering, statlig styrning
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalization Studies)
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-63276ISBN: 978-91-7393-263-0 OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-63276DiVA: diva2:377594
Presentation
2010-12-03, 3c:817, A-huset, Campus Valla, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, 10:15 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2010-12-14 Created: 2010-12-14 Last updated: 2014-10-08Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Developing Local Emergency Management by Co-Ordination Between Municipalities in Policy Networks: Experiences from Sweden
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Developing Local Emergency Management by Co-Ordination Between Municipalities in Policy Networks: Experiences from Sweden
2007 (English)In: Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management, ISSN 0966-0879, Vol. 15, no 4, 173-182 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study aims to increase our understanding of how co-operation in inter-municipality policy networks in a Swedish region is established and maintained regarding emergency management. We discuss how a network of five municipalities emerged and took shape. Overall, we conclude that co-ordination and co-operation in municipal emergency management are probably relatively easy to develop, because it is easy for the involved actors to see the benefits. Sharing resources is seen as crucial when establishing and, not least, financing efficient, high-quality emergency management. The municipalities' lack of resources to provide effective emergency services, as required by law, makes them dependent on each other. Limits for co-ordination were connected to distance and other geographical factors. Other limits of equal importance were linked to factors such as culture/tradition, mutual understanding, size of partners, and unwillingness to give up authority as well as a prior barrier for co-operation between small and bigger municipalities.

National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-16682 (URN)10.1111/j.1468-5973.2007.00525.x (DOI)
Note
The definitive version is available at www.blackwell-synergy.com: Jenny Palm and Elina Ramsell, Developing Local Emergency Management by Co-Ordination Between Municipalities in Policy Networks: Experiences from Sweden, 2007, Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management, (15), 4, 173-182. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-5973.2007.00525.x Copyright: Blackwell Publishing Ltd http://www.blackwellpublishing.com/ Available from: 2009-02-12 Created: 2009-02-10 Last updated: 2014-10-08Bibliographically approved
2. Governing technical information systems in local crisis management
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Governing technical information systems in local crisis management
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

There are increased demands for preparations for and co-ordination of crisis management in public administrative bodies. Governmental organisations and authorities take responsibilities and have to provide systems and structures of co-ordination before, during and after crises. One such system is technical information systems which create a structuring arena for coordination and integration that is analysed here. There are several technical information systems to choose between for municipalities, who are responsible for the Swedish local crisis management. One technical information system, called WIS, was a national initiative but due to the constitutional local autonomy it was complicated to get municipalities to choose the national system and alternative local technical information systems developed. The study builds on a bottom-up analysis of how municipalities choose technical information system within crisis management. The main conclusion points out the importance of organisational structure in governance and the demand of flexibility in technology.

Keyword
Technical information system, crisis management, municipalities, governance, implementation
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalization Studies)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-63274 (URN)
Available from: 2010-12-14 Created: 2010-12-14 Last updated: 2014-05-13

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Ramsell, Elina

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