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APS for Tactical Planning in a Steel Processing Company
Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Production Economics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Production Economics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
2011 (English)In: Industrial management + data systems, ISSN 0263-5577, Vol. 111, no 3-4, 608-628 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose: The main purpose is to describe and analyse the impact that  the implementation of an advanced planning system (APS) has on the tactical planning level at a steel processing company. This is done in terms of analysing changes in the tactical planning processes, effects on company performance, and how APS is used in a practical planning context.

Design/methodology/approach: This research is based on a longitudinal case study in the process industry. The case company, a highend steel producer, has been studied during several years using a combination of data sources: literature reviews, interviews, archival records, attending meetings, workshops and seminars, etc.

Findings: This case study points to the fact that implementing an APS and reorganizing the planning department and the planning processes are mutually dependent. The positive effects at the tactical planning level (in terms of service levels, fast and reliable order promises, more accurate forecasts) could not have been realized without the APS. On the other hand, APS could not have been effectively utilized without the organizational change.

Research limitations/implication: The results presented in this paper are based on a single-case study, but in the context of our literature review and other case studies the findings are still valid and an important step towards better understanding of the practical use of APS.

Practical implications: The process descriptions, lessons learnt and issues encountered in case studies like this should be helpful to practitioners on their way to implement APS, and companies seeking new ways to improve their planning can use this research to investigate the use of an advanced planning system.

Originality/value: Studies on the practical use of standard APS software are still scarce. As such this paper provides enhanced knowledge and understanding on the use of APS in an industry setting.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2011. Vol. 111, no 3-4, 608-628 p.
Keyword [en]
Planning Systems, Demand Planning, Demand Fulfilment, Master Planning, Implementation, Case study
National Category
Engineering and Technology
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-63281DOI: 10.1108/02635571111133579ISI: 000291136900015OAI: diva2:377667
Available from: 2010-12-14 Created: 2010-12-14 Last updated: 2014-02-25Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Case studies in Advanced Planning Systems for Tactical Planning in Process Industries
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Case studies in Advanced Planning Systems for Tactical Planning in Process Industries
2010 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis focuses on the use of Advanced Planning System (APSs) in the tactical planning process. In addition, there is a special focus towards process industries. The overall aim is to find out if and how APSs can support the tactical planning processes and add value to the company. A discussion on APSs as such is also presented, as the general definition of APS is unclear.

The study is based on three case studies, first a longitudinal case study at a single company, second a in-depth case study at the same company and last a multiple case study at four Scandinavian companies. The case descriptions provide answers to the overall purpose of the thesis, but they also contribute to the general knowledge concerning APSs, as they describe industrial use of these systems.

The study reveals several improvements that companies have achieved by implementing APSs and it conclude that APSs can support the tactical planning process. The improvements are seen either as results of process changes needed to implement the APS or the APS itself. Among the improvements, centralizing, automatizing and streamlining of the tactical planning processes are three of the most prominent. But several other improvements are also found, for example improvements concerning the customer service level and inventory levels.

Although several successful implementations, it is not uncommon that implementations projects fail, which is why companies need to be careful when deciding to invest in an APS. Factors found to be linked to success concerning APS implementations are discussed, with the APS’s fit to the company’s processes and existing systems along with promotional activities, either by a project champion or the top management, are found to be important.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2010. 38 p.
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Thesis, ISSN 0280-7971 ; 1460
National Category
Engineering and Technology
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-62822 (URN)978-91-7393-259-2 (ISBN)
2010-12-22, ACAS, House A,, Campus Valla, Linköping University, Linköping, 12:52 (English)
Available from: 2010-12-14 Created: 2010-12-06 Last updated: 2010-12-14Bibliographically approved

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