Suppression of microRNA-31 increases sensitivity to 5-FU at an early stage, and affects cell migration and invasion in HCT-116 colon cancer cells
2010 (English)In: BMC CANCER, ISSN 1471-2407, Vol. 10, no 616Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Background: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are endogenously expressed noncoding RNAs with important biological and pathological functions. Although several studies have shown that microRNA-31 (miR-31) is obviously up-regulated in colorectal cancer (CRC), there is no study on the functional roles of miR-31 in CRC. Methods: Anti-miR (TM) miRNA 31 inhibitor (anti-miR-31) is a sequence-specific and chemically modified oligonucleotide to specifically target and knockdown miR-31 molecule. The effect of anti-miR-31 transfection was investigated by real-time PCR. HCT-116(p53+/+) and HCT-116(p53-/-)colon cancer cells were treated by anti-miR-31 with or without 5-fluorouracil (5-FU), cell proliferation was determined by MTT assay; apoptosis was detected by DAPI staining; cell cycle was evaluated by flow cytometry; colony formation, migration and invasion assays were performed to investigate the effect of suppression of miR-31 on the cell lines. Results: Real-time PCR results showed that anti-miR-31 was efficiently introduced into the cells and reduced miR-31 levels to 44.1% in HCT-116(p53+/+) and 67.8% in HCT-116p(53-/-)cell line (p = 0.042 and 0.046). MTT results showed that anti-miR-31 alone had no effect on the proliferation of HCT-116(p53+/+) or HCT-116(p53-/-). However, when combined with 5-FU, anti-miR-31 inhibited the proliferation of the two cell lines as early as 24 h after exposure to 5-FU (p = 0.038 and 0.044). Suppression of miR-31 caused a reduction of the migratory cells by nearly 50% compared with the negative control in both HCT-116(p53+/+) and HCT-116(p53-/-)(p = 0.040 and 0.001). The invasive ability of the cells were increased by 8-fold in HCT-116(p53+/+) and 2-fold in HCT-116(p53-/-)(p = 0.045 and 0.009). Suppression of miR-31 had no effect on cell cycle and colony formation (p andgt; 0.05). Conclusions: Suppression of miR-31 increases sensitivity to 5-FU at an early stage, and affects cell migration and invasion in HCT-116 colon cancer cells.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BioMed Central , 2010. Vol. 10, no 616
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-63400DOI: 10.1186/1471-2407-10-616ISI: 000284873100002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-63400DiVA: diva2:379135
Chaojie Wang, Johannes Stratmann, Zong-Guang Zhou and Xiao-Feng Sun, Suppression of microRNA-31 increases sensitivity to 5-FU at an early stage, and affects cell migration and invasion in HCT-116 colon cancer cells, 2010, BMC CANCER, (10), , .
Licensee: BioMed Central