Probabilistic Stand Still Detection using Foot Mounted IMU
2010 (English)In: Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Information Fusion, 2010Conference paper (Refereed)
We consider stand still detection for indoor localization based on observations from a foot-mounted inertial measurement unit (IMU). The main contribution is a statistical framework for stand-still detection, which is a fundamental step in zero velocity update (ZUPT) to reduce the drift from cubic to linear in time. First, the observations are transformed to a test statistic having non-central chi-square distribution during zero velocity. Second, a hidden Markov model is used to describe the mode switching between stand still, walking, running, crawling and other possible movements. The resulting algorithm computes the probability of being in each mode, and it is easily extendable to a dynamic navigation framework where map information can be included. Results of first mode probability estimation, second map matching without ZUPT and third step length estimation with ZUPT are provided.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Indoor localization, Stand still detection, HMM, ZUPT
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-63411ISBN: 978-0-9824438-1-1OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-63411DiVA: diva2:379362
13th International Conference on Information Fusion, Edinburgh, United Kingdom, 26-29 July, 2010