MIMO Precoding with X- and Y- Codes
2011 (English)In: IEEE Transactions on Information Theory, ISSN 0018-9448, Vol. 57, no 6, 3542-3566 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
We consider a slow fading nt x nr multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) system with channel state information (CSI) at both the transmitter and receiver. Since communication in such scenarios is subject to block fading, reception reliability, quantified in terms of the achievable diversity gain, is of importance. A simple and well known precoding scheme is based upon the singular value decomposition (SVD) of the channel matrix, which transforms the MIMO channel into parallel subchannels. Despite having low maximum likelihood decoding (MLD) complexity, this SVD based precoding scheme provides a diversity gain which is limited by the diversity gain of the weakest subchannel. We therefore propose X- and YCodes, which improve the diversity gain of the SVD precoding scheme, by jointly coding information across a pair of subchannels (i.e., pairing subchannels). In particular, subchannels with high diversity gain are paired with those having low diversitygain. A pair of subchannels is jointly encoded using a 2 x 2 real matrix, which is fixed a priori and does not change with each channel realization. For X-Codes, these matrices are 2-dimensional rotation matrices parameterized by a single angle, while for Y-Codes, these matrices are 2-dimensional upper left triangular matrices. Also, since joint coding is performed only across a pair of subchannels, the joint MLD complexity remains low. In particular, the MLD complexity of Y-Codes is even lower than that of X-Codes, and is equivalent to symbol by symbol detection. Moreover, we propose X-, Y-Precoders with the same structure as X-, Y-Codes, but with encoding matrices adapted to each channel realization. With respect to the error probability performance, the optimal encoding matrices for X-, YCodes/ Precoders are derived analytically and numerically. Whencompared to other precoding schemes reported in the literature, it is observed that X-Codes/Precoders perform better in wellconditioned channels, while Y-Codes/Precoders perform better in ill-conditioned channels.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New Jersey, USA: IEEE , 2011. Vol. 57, no 6, 3542-3566 p.
MIMO, precoding, diversity, error probability, singular value decomposition, condition number.
Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-63415DOI: 10.1109/TIT.2011.2133650ISI: 000291003900028OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-63415DiVA: diva2:379507
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Saif Khan Mohammed, Emanuele Viterbo, Yi Hong and Ananthanarayanan Chockalingam, MIMO PRECODING WITH X- AND Y- CODES, 2010, accepted: IEEE, Transactions on Information Theory.