An Inventory and Analysis of Synergies in the Biofuel Industry
2009 (English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
As biofuels are becoming a part of national renewable energy goals, a great deal optimism is placed on second generation biofuels to overcome the criticism of first generation biofuels. However, optimization of first generation biofuels through process integration and the exchange of by-products and energy can give many environmental and economic benefits. Synergies have therefore been identified which can incorporate biofuel industries and offer integration with external industries. An inventory of synergies between biofuel and external industries has been provided by the synthesis of two methods, a synergies development workshop and literature review. The compilation includes 148 synergies, with each synergy categorized based on its interaction with biofuel and external industries and additionally the specific industry each synergy is destined. A large number of synergies consist of integrated biofuel synergies, though many synergies exist with external industries including the food industry, energy and fuel industry, municipalities, algae production and agricultural industry. Synergies developed for this article are primarily by-product related synergies for handling major by-products and wastes from the biofuel and external industries for subsequent processing and further biofuel production.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. 2394- p.
biofuel, industrial symbiosis, synergy, by-product, biogas, integration
Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-63760OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-63760DiVA: diva2:382826
Greening of Industry:: Joint Actions on Climate Change 8-10 June, Aalborg, Denmark