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Classification of Industrial Symbiosis Synergies: Application in the Biofuels Industry
Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Environmental Technique and Management . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Environmental Technique and Management . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Environmental Technique and Management . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Environmental Technique and Management . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Much of the current literature available in the field of industrial symbiosis aims at providing a review of the symbiotic intensity, institutional and environmental contexts and assessments of the activities involved in a synoptic manner. However, literature regarding classification methods for individual material and energy exchanges is limited. In order to obtain better resolution of the characteristics of exchanges and interactions, i.e. synergies, a classification method is produced and tested in this paper. The classification method maps the interactions between different industries as well as the flows of products and utilities through origindestination classifications. Synergies between a core industry and external industries are examined in this paper, with the core industry represented by the biofuels industry, and without geographical boundaries. The classification method can be employed in other research projects and it is hoped that it will provide the background for further studies into conditions necessary for synergy implementation. Furthermore the classification method will provide subsequent details for research into economic and environmental benefits provided by synergies between industries.

National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-63761OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-63761DiVA: diva2:382832
Available from: 2011-01-03 Created: 2011-01-03 Last updated: 2011-01-03
In thesis
1. Industrial Symbiosis for the development of Biofuel Production
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Industrial Symbiosis for the development of Biofuel Production
2010 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

In recent years the popularity of biofuels has been transformed from a sustainable option fortransportation to a questionable and criticized method. Many reports have therefore beenproduced to view biofuel production from a life cycle perspective; though results may bemisleading. In a number of the reports, biofuel production is viewed in a linear manner, i.e.crops and energy in and biofuel out. However there is a large quantity of material and energyflows associated with biofuel production and these must be accounted for.Industrial symbiosis concepts have therefore been applied in this thesis to the biofuel industryto identify possibilities to improve the material and energy flows. This has been done bymapping the exchanges and thereafter identifying possible synergies between biofuel firmsand with external industries. Examples from regional biofuel synergies and exchanges withindustrial partners have been highlighted. Many of the concepts have led to the identificationof methods for increased integration and improvements, including the use of a renewableenergy provider and the cooperation with external industries. Biofuels have therefore beenfound to profit from wastes, and instead of competition, benefit from one another, contrary tobelief. This leads to an expanded market of raw materials for biofuel production.Benefits do not only occur for the biofuel industry; from the application of biofuels, industrialsymbiosis may gain further benefits. Several new concepts have been produced in this thesisto account for the unique material handling possibilities that biofuel production firmsencompass. These include using biofuels as upcyclers of materials and the use of renewableenergy as a way to improve environmental performance. Furthermore, a classification methodhas been produced to add more detail about individual exchanges for the industrial symbiosisliterature in addition to viewing industrial symbiosis from an expanded system view toinclude exchanges beyond geographic proximity typical to the field.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2010. 53 p.
Series
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Thesis, ISSN 0280-7971 ; 1441
Keyword
biofuel, industrial symbiosis, biogas, ethanol, biodiesel
National Category
Other Environmental Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-62675 (URN)LiU-TEK-LIC-2010:12 (Local ID)978-91-7393-373-5 (ISBN)LiU-TEK-LIC-2010:12 (Archive number)LiU-TEK-LIC-2010:12 (OAI)
Presentation
2010-06-09, C3, Hus C, Campus Valla, Linköping University, Linköping, 13:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2011-01-03 Created: 2010-12-02 Last updated: 2011-01-12Bibliographically approved

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Martin, MartinIvner, JennySvensson, NiclasEklund, Mats

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