Tortuosity and atherosclerosis in the femoral artery: what is cause and what is effect?
1996 (English)In: Annals of Biomedical Engineering, ISSN 0090-6964, E-ISSN 1573-9686, Vol. 24, no 4, 474-480 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Earlier studies have demonstrated a correlation between tortuosity and atherosclerosis in the femoral artery. One conceivable explanation is that atherosclerosis causes an elongation of the artery, resulting in vessel tortuosity, another is that blood flow phenomena (such as flow separation) due to the vessel geometry may affect the progression of atherosclerosis. To determine which of these hypotheses is most likely, a group of 232 hyperlipidemic patients was followed with angiography for 3 years during lipid-lowering treatment. After digitization of the films, a tortuosity value and an atherosclerosis measure (edge roughness) were computed. In the group with lower tortuosity values, there was a significant (p < 0.0001) decrease in edge roughness, but not in the group with a higher tortuosity values. On the other hand, neither the group with higher edge roughness values nor that with lower edge roughness values displayed a significant change in tortuosity. When tortuosity, roughness, and treatment were studied simultaneously, only the effect of tortuosity on roughness change was significant. These findings are more consistent with tortuosity influencing the development of atherosclerosis than with its being a consequence of atherosclerosis.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1996. Vol. 24, no 4, 474-480 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-63987DOI: 10.1007/BF02648109PubMedID: 8841722OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-63987DiVA: diva2:390241