Comparison of classical and quantum properties in an extended Bose-Hubbard model
Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
In order to explore a quantum version of a discrete nonlinear Schrödinger equation (DNLS), we quantize one nonlinear Schrödinger model, which is used to study different physical systems, e.g. coupled Bose-Einstein condensates. We will focus on small systems, like Dimer and Trimer.In our efforts to solve this quantum problem, we develop a Mathematica routine that implements the Number State Method and solves the corresponding Schrödinger equation. We calculate analytically and numerically the energy spectrum of the Dimer and Trimer systems. Those eigenenergies depend on the parameter set Q=Q1, Q2, Q3, Q4, Q5 and by adjusting this set Q, we can obtain the desired results and examine their effects. After the quantization of the extended DNLS we obtain a quantum DNLS, also known as an extended Bose-Hubbard (BH) model. The aim of this Master's thesis is to study the differences and similarities between the classical DNLS and the extended BH model, and what happens when we approach from the quantum regime to the classical one. Taking into account that the Hamiltonian has an important conserved quantity, the number operator, enables the total Hamiltonian to be block-diagonalized. This can be accomplished by taking advantage of additional symmetries, such as translational symmetry, which will simplify the analysis of the Hamiltonian matrix. In our results we discuss several effects that break the lattice symmetry, as the intersection between symmetric and antisymmetric states. We also compare our results with those obtained in previous works for the classical model, and we find some similarities, e.g. the transition of the highest-energy state from a one-site solution to a two-site solution depending on which Q parameters we vary, but also differences, as the appearance of a three-site solution, in a Trimer system.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. , 72 p.
bose-hubbard model, extended bose-hubbard model
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-64400ISRN: LITH-IFM-A-EX--10/2385--SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-64400DiVA: diva2:390587
2011-01-19, 13:15 (English)
UppsokPhysics, Chemistry, Mathematics