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The Interplay of Design and Marketing : a General Model
Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Industrial Marketing and Industrial Economics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
Stockholms Universitet, Företagsekonomiska Institutionen.
2010 (English)In: Irish Journal of Management, ISSN 1649-248X, Vol. 30, no 1, 1-20 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Although many authors emphasise the differences and potential conflicts between product design and marketing, there appears to be a disagreement in how to handle such differences and conflicts within organisations. This paper presents a novel and general model that focuses on how different practices relating to design (self-oriented or commer- cially oriented) and marketing (product-oriented or market-oriented/customer-led) may be combined, and discusses the coordination of marketing and design when combining these practices. By introducing such a general model, this paper contributes with a new perspective on tensions and synergies that exist between design and marketing.

 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 30, no 1, 1-20 p.
Keyword [en]
Design; marketing; practice; coordination; conflicts
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-64437OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-64437DiVA: diva2:391171
Available from: 2011-02-16 Created: 2011-01-24 Last updated: 2013-10-29Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Design-led organisations: A multiple-case study of the interplay between design and marketing
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Design-led organisations: A multiple-case study of the interplay between design and marketing
2011 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The overall purpose of this thesis is to contribute to the knowledge base concerning the interplay between design and marketing. Based on the findings from the empirical studies, the aim of this thesis is to describe and analyze how marketing and design interplay in companies and the main reasons for such interplay. The research builds upon a multiple-case study of companies mainly within the furniture manufacturing industry. The research focus is the study of companies described as “design led”, i.e. “characterized by a dominant logic that views design as central to the companies’ strategic positioning”(Beverland and Farrell, 2007). Three different interfaces between design and marketing within the company and towards its external actors are studied.

The studied companies illustrate how a company’s desire to create a brand that is closely related to product design creates an effect on internal activities as well as the interfaces to external actors, e.g. customers and suppliers. Based on empirical findings, it is proposed that by being design-led, companies may not only create a competitive advantage connected to the good itself and its product design, but also through its potential to offer new products based on the company’s design competence and its brand image. One such example of new potential is the offering of an integrated interior solution and the concept of “aesthetic complexity” that is introduced and suggested as a driver for such solutions.

Moreover, a more general model on the interplay between product design and marketing compared to those previously presented in literature is suggested. This model considers the different company approaches to design, e.g. more or less selforiented, and marketing, e.g. more or less market-oriented. It is proposed that depending on the company’s approach to design and marketing, the coordination between design resources and marketing within the company should be managed differently.

This thesis also presents a tentative model on the relationship between the companies’ different desired brand images and their sourcing of external designers. It is proposed that a company’s desired brand image and its design philosophy affect the company’s practices when sourcing external design resources, e.g. in the choice of contracting more or less well-known designers.

The conclusions presented in this licentiate thesis may serve as a starting point for managers to understand the interplay between design and marketing in companies. Although still tentative, the conclusions suggest a number of marketing-related prerequisites and consequences when a company aims to be design-led. By considering these different aspects, companies might improve their chances of being successful when creating a brand image that is closely connected to design.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2011. 55 p.
Series
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Thesis, ISSN 0280-7971 ; 1467
Keyword
Design, marketing, design-led
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-72200 (URN)LiU-TEK-LIC-2011:6 (Local ID)978-91-739-3235-6 (ISBN)LiU-TEK-LIC-2011:6 (Archive number)LiU-TEK-LIC-2011:6 (OAI)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2012-02-20 Created: 2011-11-22 Last updated: 2012-02-20Bibliographically approved
2. Visual aesthetics in product development: A balance between commercial and creative imperatives
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Visual aesthetics in product development: A balance between commercial and creative imperatives
2013 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The literature presents a number of advantages regarding companies’ strategic focus on product design, arguing that the dimension of visual aesthetics in products may help a company to create commercial success, e.g. through product differentiation and as a means of company brand recognition. However, developing new products that have visual aesthetics as an important dimension is not without difficulty, and may lead to a number of managerial challenges.

The purpose of this doctoral thesis is to describe and analyse how companies develop products that have visual aesthetics as an important dimension. The thesis describes and analyses: how the dimension of visual aesthetics affects the characteristics of the new product development process; how companies strike a balance between commercial and creative imperatives during new product development; and how companies source and collaborate using artistic design resources during new product development.

Based on findings from five new product development projects and from interviews with managers at twelve Swedish designer furniture manufacturers, the thesis concludes that the dimension of visual aesthetics in products affects new product development in different ways. First, companies’ development of visual aesthetics calls for a more creative, artistic development process whereby, for example, idea generation and evaluation are often flexible in relation to plans made. Moreover, the different and subjective judgement of the aesthetic value of products has implications for new product development, e.g. that the company needs to address and balance imperatives stemming from different audiences, i.e. the designer’s self, peers, and the mass market, during product development. Also, it is concluded that the sourcing of designer resources and the composition of designer portfolios are both critical and related to companies’ desired brand image. A close and trustful working relationship between the designer and the manufacturer is a basis for companies’ successful product development.

Theoretically, this research contributes to the product development literature through its findings on companies’ new product development processes in a seldom researched context, i.e. the development of designer products. Additionally, it contributes to the literature on design outsourcing by presenting new findings on the interplay between artistic design resources and managers. Moreover, it also contributes to the marketing literature by providing fresh insights into how companies balance their commercial and creative interests when developing new products.

Abstract [sv]

Design och dess relation till företags marknadsföring är något som diskuteras både i akademisk litteratur och i samhället i övrigt. Genom att förstå och utnyttja design kan företaget skapa kommersiella fördelar, t ex genom att differentiera produkten från konkurrenternas och skapa igenkänning för företagets varumärke. Dock är utveckling av produkter med design som en viktig dimension inte oproblematisk utan kan leda till stora utmaningar för företaget.

Tre sådana utmaningar i företag beskrivs och analyseras i denna avhandling. För det första behandlar avhandlingen hur ett fokus på design påverkar företagets produktutvecklingsprocess. Vidare studeras hur företaget balanserar kreativa och kommersiella intressen under produktutvecklingsprocessen. Dessutom behandlar avhandlingen hur företaget införskaffar och samarbetar med formgivare.

Den industriella kontext som valts för denna avhandling är den svenska designmöbelindustrin. Avhandlingens slutsatser bygger på fallstudier inom väletablerade och framgångsrika företag inom denna industri.

Avhandlingen visar att dimensionen av design påverkar företagens utvecklingsarbete på olika sätt. Först visar studien att de studerade företagens utveckling av designmöbler innebär en kreativ utvecklingsprocess där t.ex. idé-generering och ‑urval sällan grundas i strikta produktplaner utan i stället präglas av flexibilitet och tillvaratagande på uppkomna möjligheter. Vidare är bedömningen av en produkts designvärde subjektiv och svår att formulera i ord. Urvalet av lovande produktidéer grundas därför i hög grad på ledningens goda kunskap om design och erfarenhet inom branschen. Utöver detta påverkas företagens produktutveckling på olika sätt av det faktum att designvärde också skapas genom uppmärksamhet och uppskattning av exempelvis press, mässor och utmärkelser. Det visas också att företagens urval av formgivare är kritiskt och basen för ett framgångsrikt utvecklingsarbete. I de studerade företagen sker utveckling av produkter i nära och förtroendefullt samarbete mellan managers och formgivare. Dessutom kan företag påverka sitt varumärke genom att skapa en genomtänkt strategi för urval av formgivare och samarbetsformer med dessa.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2013. 142 p.
Series
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Dissertations, ISSN 0345-7524 ; 1553
Keyword
Visual aesthetics, product design, product development, furniture, designer products
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-100149 (URN)10.3384/diss.diva-100149 (DOI)978-91-7519-485-1 (ISBN)
Public defence
2013-11-15, ACAS, A-huset, Campus Valla, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, 10:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2013-10-29 Created: 2013-10-29 Last updated: 2013-11-05Bibliographically approved

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Lindahl, Ingela

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