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Server Selection in Large-scale Video-on-Demand Systems
University of Calgary.
University of Calgary.
2010 (English)In: ACM Transactions on Multimedia Computing, Communications, and Applications (TOMCCAP), ISSN 1551-6857, E-ISSN 1551-6865, ISSN 1551-6857, Vol. 6, no 1, 1:1-1:26 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]


Video on demand, particularly with user-generated content, is emerging as one of the most bandwidth-intensive applications on the Internet. Owing to content control and other issues, some video-on-demand systems attempt to prevent downloading and peer-to-peer content delivery. Instead, such systems rely on server replication, such as via third-party content distribution networks, to support video streaming (or pseudostreaming) to their clients. A major issue with such systems is the cost of the required server resources.

By synchronizing the video streams for clients that make closely spaced requests for the same video from the same server, server costs (such as for retrieval of the video data from disk) can be amortized over multiple requests. A fundamental trade-off then arises, however, with respect to server selection. Network delivery cost is minimized by selecting the nearest server, while server cost is minimized by directing closely spaced requests for the same video to a common server.

This article compares classes of server selection policies within the context of a simple system model. We conclude that: (i) server selection using dynamic system state information (rather than only proximities and average loads) can yield large improvements in performance, (ii) deferring server selection for a request as late as possible (i.e., until just before streaming is to begin) can yield additional large improvements, and (iii) within the class of policies using dynamic state information and deferred selection, policies using only “local” (rather than global) request information are able to achieve most of the potential performance gains.


Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ACM , 2010. Vol. 6, no 1, 1:1-1:26 p.
Keyword [en]
Performance analysis, content distribution networks, modeling, server selection, video-on-demand
National Category
Engineering and Technology
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-64631DOI: 10.1145/1671954.1671955OAI: diva2:393209
Available from: 2011-01-29 Created: 2011-01-29 Last updated: 2011-02-01

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Carlsson, Niklas
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