Disposable amperometric sensors for thiols with special reference to glutathione
2008 (English)In: Electroanalysis, ISSN 1040-0397, E-ISSN 1521-4109, Vol. 20, no 18, 1947-1952 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The antioxidant reduced glutathione tripeptide is conventionally called glutathione (GSH). The oxidized form is a sulfur-sulfur linked compound. known as glutathione disulfide (GSSG). Glutathione is an essential cofactor for antioxidant enzymes. it provides protection also for the mitochondria against endogenous oxygen radicals. The ratio of these two forms can act as a marker for oxidative stress. The majority of the methods available for estimation of both the forms of glutathione are based on colorimetric and electrochemical assays. In this study, electrochemical sensors were developed for the estimation of both GSH and GSSG. Two different types of transducers were used: i) screen-printed three-electrode disposable sensor (SPE) containing carbon working electrode, carbon counter electrode and silver/silver chloride reference electrode; ii) three-electrode disposable system (CDE) consisting of three copper electrodes. 5.5-dithlobis(2-nitrobenzoic acid) (DTNB) was used as detector element for estimation of total reduced thiol content. The enzyme glutathione reductase along with a co-enzyme reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate was used to estimate GSSG. By combining the two methods GSH can also be estimated. The detector elements were immobilized on the working electrodes of the sensors by bulk polymerization of acrylamide. The responses were observed amperometrically. The detection limit for thiol (GSH) was less than 0.6 ppm when DTNB was used. whereas for GSSG it was less than 0.1 ppm.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley andamp;amp; Sons, Ltd , 2008. Vol. 20, no 18, 1947-1952 p.
glutathione; amperometry; antioxidant; glutathione reductase; polyacrylamide
Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-65167DOI: 10.1002/elan.200804247ISI: 000259859300001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-65167DiVA: diva2:394912