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Att dansa i otakt med väljarna: Socialdemokraternas och Moderaternas strategiska bemötande av Sverigedemokraterna
Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
2010 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)Alternative title
Dancing out of step with the voters : The strategic approaches of the Social Democratic Party and the Conservative Party towards the Sweden Democrats (English)
Abstract [sv]

Etablerade partiers strategiska bemötande av radikala högerpopulistiska partier (RHP-partier) står i fokus för avhandlingen. Syftet med avhandlingen är rekonstruktion och analys av innehållet i de etablerade partiernas strategiska bemötande av partier som anses utmana centrala principer inom den liberala demokratin, såsom pluralism och tolerans, och vars närvaro också anses skapa ett demokratiskt dilemma. Syftet har operationaliserats inom ramen för en svensk kontext med fokus på Socialdemokraternas och Moderaternas strategiska bemötande av ett svenskt RHP-parti i form av Sverigedemokraterna. Det metodologiska ramverket utgår från ett kvalitativt perspektiv med fokus på intervjuer med representanter för de två etablerade partierna och Sverigedemokraterna. Det empiriska materialet har analyserats med hjälp av PSO-teorin (Position, Salience and Owner-ship theory). Teorin visar hur de etablerade partiernas strategiska bemötande av RHP-partier kan relateras till l) den specifika sakfråga RHP-partiet politiserar och 2) till vilken grad RHP-partiet hotar de etablerade partierna i fråga om väljarstöd. Avhandlingens resultat visar att innehållet i de etablerade partiernas strategiska bemötande av Sverigedemokraterna har fOrändrats sedan valet 2006 och att den sakfråga som Sverigedemokraterna politiserat, flykting- och invandringsfrågan, är central för utformningen av de etablerade partiernas bemötande av partiet.

Abstract [en]

The strategic approaches towards radical right-wing populist parties(RRP-parties) are in special focus for the thesis. The aim of the thesis is reconstructionand analysis of the content of the established parties’ strategicapproaches towards parties that are seen as challenging central principlesof liberal democracy, such as pluralism and tolerance, and who´spresence are creating a democratic dilemma. The aim has been operationalizedwithin a Swedish context with focus on the strategic approachesused by the Social Democratic party and the Conservative party towardsthe Sweden Democrats, a Swedish RRP-party. The methodological frameworkis built upon a qualitative perspective with focus on interviews withrepresentatives for the two established parties and the Sweden Democrats.The empirical material has been analyzed with the PSO-theory (Position,Salience and Owner-ship theory) as point of departure. The theory showshow strategic approaches used by the established parties are related to 1)the specific political issue raised by the RRP-party and 2) the degree ofthreat posed by the challenging RRP-party towards the established parties.The results generated from the thesis show that the content of thestrategic approaches from the established parties towards the SwedenDemocrats have changed since the election 2006, from a common dissmissivestrategy to a strategic approach marked by tendencies of divergence(the Social Democratic party) and vauge tendencies of convergence(the Conservative party). The thesis also shows that the specific issue politicizedby the Sweden Democrats, i.e. the immigration- and refugee issue,is central to the way the content of the strategic approaches used by thetwo established parties has been shaped. The thesis indicates that the presenceof RRP-parties have caused a situation where the democratic dilemmahave become subordinated to a strategic dilemma. The established parties need to relate to the goals they are striving towards through the strategic approach of the RRP-party (such as maximation of votes) at the same time as they relate to the strongly value-charged political issue monopolized by the RRP-party.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköpings universitet , 2010. , 255 p.
Linköping Studies in Arts and Science, ISSN 0282-9800 ; 516
, Malmö Studies in International Migration and Ethnic Relations, ISSN 1652-3997 ; 9
Keyword [en]
radical right-wing populism, political strategies, liberal democracy, democratic dilemma, Sweden Demoerats, the Social Democratic party, the Conservative party
Keyword [sv]
radikal högerpopulism, politiska strategier, liberal demokrati, demokratiskt dilemma, Sverigedemokraterna, Socialdemokraterna, Moderaterna
National Category
Social Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-65348ISBN: 978-91-7393-395-7OAI: diva2:395104
Public defence
2010-05-21, K2, Kåkenhus, Campus Norrköping, Linköpings universitet, Norrköping, 10:15 (Swedish)
Available from: 2011-02-04 Created: 2011-02-04 Last updated: 2014-10-02Bibliographically approved

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