Argumentation, Information and Interaction: Studies in Face-to-face Interactive Argumentation under Differing Turn-taking Conditions
1989 (English)Book (Other academic)
This thesis is a study of argumentation in situations of face-to-face spoken interaction. The situations analyzed consist of a formal television debate, a semi-formal television interview, and an informal conversational discus¬sion. The investigation is based on an analysis of video recordings of the three situations. The formal television debate and television interview were broadcast in Swedish television just prior to the national referendum on nuclear energy in March 1980. There were three policy lines in the referendum; Line I, which was clearly for the use of nuclear energy, Line III, which was clearly against nuclear energy, and Line II, which was somewhere in between. The television debate was the only televised face-to-face confrontation between the policy lines during the referendum campaign. Prior to the television debate representatives from each of the policy lines were interviewed by a team of television reporters. The interview of the represen¬tatives for Line I has been selected for analysis in the thesis. The conversational discussion was video-recorded in 1980 in connec¬tion with a research project investigating cultural aspects of perspectives on natural resources (cf. Allwood 1981) which was conducted at the Department of Linguistics at the University of Göteborg. The discussion was held between non-specialist adolescents on the topic of the possibility of combining nature and technology. The three situations of argumentation constitute face-to-face interactive cases of what I will refer to as everyday argumentation. Everyday argumentation refers to argumentation concerning practical issues in law, politics, morals, economics, private and family affairs, medicine, the arts and sciences, etc., in other words, all types of argumentation except strictly theoretical logical or mathematical proofs or demonstrations. The thesis is basically an attempt to answer the question of what people are doing in face-to-face interactive argumentation based on an analysis of examples selected from the three specific cases of the television debate, the television interview, and the conversational discussion. The answer proposed is that face-to-face interactive argumentation can be view-ed as a type of collective information processing activity involving vocal and nonvocal information in search of a solution to a problem or an answer to a question. The problem solving or answer seeking activity is carried out interactively according to the turn-taking conditions that obtain for the different occasions of argumentation.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Göteborg: University of Gothenburg , 1989. , 262 p.
, Gothenburg monographs in linguistics, ISSN 0346-6248 ; 7
Argumentation, Communication, Conversation Analysis, Discourse Analysis, Face-to-face Interaction, Nonverbal Communication, Pragmatics, Rhetoric, Semantics, Turn-taking
Argumentationsanalys, Språkvetenskap Språkpragmatik, Språkvetenskap Retorik
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-12524ISBN: 91-7900-771-6OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-12524DiVA: diva2:399