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The United Nations Reformed: Responsibility, Protection and the Standing of States
Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
2011 (English)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)Alternative title
Ett Reformerat Förenta Nationerna : Skyldigheter, Skydd och Staters Ställning (Swedish)
Abstract [en]

This study is about reform of the United Nations. The study does not address reform proposals that set out to change the organizational structure of the UN, but focuses on initiatives that affect the normative basis of the international society that the United Nations and the UN Charter enable and sustain. Empirically, the study focuses on the international principle responsibility 10 prolecl, which prescribes that states have an individual and collective responsibility to protect against human rights violations. It is argued that the responsibility to protect and the Security Council's increased attention to protection of civilians in armed conflicts are politically and legally significant developments that challenge the pluralist international order that was instituted through the establishment of the UN in 1945. Both the responsibility to proteet and the protection of civilians are based on an understanding of statehood and international society that in the study is referred to as anti-pluralist. The results of the study show that the contemporary notion of protection once again brings into international political discourse the idea that states and political communities, in order to enjoy legal autonomy and a right to non-intervention, must abide by universally applicable standards of state hood. The results also show that the idea of protection is based on a progressivist philosophy that leads to a differentiation of states.

Abstract [sv]

Den här avhandlingen handlar om reform av Förenta Natione'ma. Avhandlingen berör inte reformförslag som syftar till att förändra FN:s organisatoriska struktur, utan behandlar initiativ som påverkar det internationella samhälle som Förenta Nationerna och FN-stadgan möjliggör och upprätthåller. Empiriskt fokuserar avhandlingen på den internationella principen skyldighet alt skydda. Denna princip föreskriver att stater, individuellt och kollektivt, skall agera när fundamentala mänskliga rättigheter kränks. Avhandlingen hävdar att skyldigheten att skydda och Säkerhetsrådets ökade fokus på skydd av civila i väpnade konflikter är betydelsefulla utvecklingar som utmanar den pluralistiska internationella ordning som instiftades när FN bildades 1945. Skyldigheten att skydda och skyddet av civila är båda baserade på en förståelse av staten och det internationella samhället som i avhandlingen betecknas som anti-pluralistisk. Avhandlingens resultat visar att iden om en individuell och kollektiv skyldighet att skydda återintroducerar tanken att stater, för att åtnjuta rätten till juridisk självständighet och icke-intervention, måste rätta sig efter universe lla kriterier som bestämmer hur de skall vara och agera. Resultaten visar också att iden om ett individuellt och kollektivt ansvar att skydda bygger på en tanke om utveckling och progression som leder till att en åtskillnad görs mellan stater.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköpings universitet , 2011. , 166 p.
Series
Linköping Studies in Arts and Science, ISSN 0282-9800 ; 525
Keyword [en]
The United Nations, the responsibility to protect, protection of civilians, pluralism, anti-pluralism, standard of civilization, human rights, democracy
Keyword [sv]
Förenta Nationerna, skyldighet att skydda, skydd av civila, pluralism, anti-pluralism, civilisationsstandard, mänskliga rättigheter, demokrati
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalization Studies)
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-65836ISBN: 978-91-7393-224-0 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-65836DiVA: diva2:399420
Public defence
2011-03-11, TEM21, Hus Tema, Campus Valla, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, 15:15 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2011-02-22 Created: 2011-02-22 Last updated: 2014-10-08Bibliographically approved

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Håkansson, Peter

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