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A Brief History of the Masses: Three Revolutions
Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2007-3736
2008 (English)Book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Stefan Jonsson uses three monumental works of art to build a provocative history of popular revolt: Jacques-Louis David's The Tennis Court Oath (1791), James Ensor's Christ's Entry into Brussels in 1889 (1888), and Alfredo Jaar's They Loved It So Much, the Revolution (1989). Addressing, respectively, the French Revolution of 1789, Belgium's proletarian messianism in the 1880s, and the worldwide rebellions and revolutions of 1968, these canonical images not only depict an alternative view of history but offer a new understanding of the relationship between art and politics and the revolutionary nature of true democracy.

Drawing on examples from literature, politics, philosophy, and other works of art, Jonsson carefully constructs his portrait, revealing surprising parallels between the political representation of "the people" in government and their aesthetic representation in painting. Both essentially "frame" the people, Jonsson argues, defining them as elites or masses, responsible citizens or angry mobs. Yet in the aesthetic fantasies of David, Ensor, and Jaar, Jonsson finds a different understanding of democracy-one in which human collectives break the frame and enter the picture.

Connecting the achievements and failures of past revolutions to current political issues, Jonsson then situates our present moment in a long historical drama of popular unrest, making his book both a cultural history and a contemporary discussion about the fate of democracy in our globalized world.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York, USA: Columbia University Press, 2008. , 232 p.
, Columbia Themes in Philosophy, Social Criticism, and the Arts
Keyword [en]
1. Art and History - Europe. 2. History, Modern, in art. 3. Social classes in art. 4. Social movements - Europe. 5. Revolutions - Europe. 6. David, Jacques-Louis. 7. Ensor, James. 8. Jaar, Alfredo
National Category
History of Ideas
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-65880ISBN: 978-0-231-14526-8ISBN: 0-231-14-526-8OAI: diva2:399855
Available from: 2011-02-23 Created: 2011-02-23 Last updated: 2015-09-22Bibliographically approved

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REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and SocietyDepartment of Social and Welfare StudiesFaculty of Arts and Sciences
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