Histone Variants and Their Post-Translational Modifications in Primary Human Fat Cells
2011 (English)In: PLOS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 6, no 1Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Epigenetic changes related to human disease cannot be fully addressed by studies of cells from cultures or from other mammals. We isolated human fat cells from subcutaneous abdominal fat tissue of female subjects and extracted histones from either purified nuclei or intact cells. Direct acid extraction of whole adipocytes was more efficient, yielding about 100 mu g of protein with histone content of 60%-70% from 10 mL of fat cells. Differential proteolysis of the protein extracts by trypsin or ArgC-protease followed by nanoLC/MS/MS with alternating CID/ETD peptide sequencing identified 19 histone variants. Four variants were found at the protein level for the first time; particularly HIST2H4B was identified besides the only H4 isoform earlier known to be expressed in humans. Three of the found H2A potentially organize small nucleosomes in transcriptionally active chromatin, while two H2AFY variants inactivate X chromosome in female cells. HIST1H2BA and three of the identified H1 variants had earlier been described only as oocyte or testis specific histones. H2AFX and H2AFY revealed differential and variable N-terminal processing. Out of 78 histone modifications by acetylation/trimethylation, methylation, dimethylation, phosphorylation and ubiquitination, identified from six subjects, 68 were found for the first time. Only 23 of these modifications were detected in two or more subjects, while all the others were individual specific. The direct acid extraction of adipocytes allows for personal epigenetic analyses of human fat tissue, for profiling of histone modifications related to obesity, diabetes and metabolic syndrome, as well as for selection of individual medical treatments.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Public Library of Science (PLoS) , 2011. Vol. 6, no 1
National CategoryMedical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-65933DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0015960ISI: 000286512900014OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-65933DiVA: diva2:400792
Original Publication: Asa Jufvas, Peter Strålfors and Alexander Vener, Histone Variants and Their Post-Translational Modifications in Primary Human Fat Cells, 2011, PLOS ONE, (6), 1. http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0015960 Licensee: Public Library of Science (PLoS) http://www.plos.org/2011-02-282011-02-282015-03-23