A Comparison of Animal Assisted Therapy and Animal Assisted Activities with Dogs in Swedish Residential Care.
2010 (English)Conference paper (Refereed)
This Poster Aims at Comparing Goal-Oriented Rehabilitation Work with Dogs to Activities with Dogs Performed without Explicit Therapeutic Goals. It is a Qualitative Research Project Based on Interviews with and Observations of Staff as well as Older People. The Results Presented Comes from an Evaluation of Two Assisted Living Facilities in which Animal Assisted Therapy had been used for Three Years. This Programme (AAT) was Carried out with Trained Dogs on the Basis of Referrals Made by Occupational Therapists, Nurses, Medical Doctors and Physiotherapists. This Rehabilitative Work was Compared to Assisted Living Facilities where Dogs were Used for Socialising Purposes primarily (AAA). Preliminary Results Show that the two Ways of Using Dogs were very Different in Certain Respects, primarily as to their Therapeutic Ambitions, while they also somehow Overlapped. The Variety of AAA was Great. Ownership and Keeping of the Dog Varied. The Presence of Goals also Varied. The Use of the Dog often had a more or less Explicit Aim to Increase Well-being and Social Skills among the Residents. Older people who Encountered the Trained Dog in the AAT Programme never Realized that they were actually Participating in a Rehabilitation Programme. They thought that the Purpose was Amusement alone. This was one of the Main Kernels of the Programme. The Idea was that the Older Person would Participate more Voluntarily because they Enjoyed it. Preliminary Conclusions are that the Range of Exercises with Dogs Has Great Potential and that AAT and AAA can be Mixed in new Fruitfull Combinations.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Animal assited therapy, dogs, resident dogs
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-66171OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-66171DiVA: diva2:402034
Gerontological Society of America 63rd Annual Scietific Meeting