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Emergence of the Swedish Innovation Systemand the Support for Regional Entrepreneurship: A Socio-Economic Perspective
Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project management, Innovations and Entrepreneurship . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project management, Innovations and Entrepreneurship . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5960-9270
2011 (English)In: Science and Technology Based Regional Entrepreneurship: Global Experience in Policy and ProgramDevelopment / [ed] Mian, S.A. Edward Elgar, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2011Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Globalization and the shift towards knowledge a major source of competitiveness have rendered traditional policy instruments less effective. Traditional economic/industrial policies can no longer guarantee high growth and employment, certainly not for all countries and regions. System failure and a more systemic view on innovation and science and technology development as an integral system is often seen as a more appropriated way. This chapter gives a broad overview of the development of the Swedish innovation system that served Sweden as an industrial advanced country well for more than 100 years and current policy shift in search for a new R&D and innovation model towards a knowledge driven entrepreneurial economy. The thesis brought forward is that a basic understanding of the structure and the development of the Swedish innovation system and the shift require an understanding of the importance of ”la longue durée” and of innovative technology procurement by “development pairs” as a regime for innovation policy and entrepreneurial growth. An interplay between economic, technological and governance drivers has led to radical change of the prevalent model during the last decades. To some extent the established model became a victim of a tandem effect from globalisation and deregulation. The most important consequence was that a new order that is transactional in character replaced the old model that was basically relational.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Edward Elgar Publishing, 2011.
National Category
Engineering and Technology
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-66234ISBN: 978-1-8472-0390-8OAI: diva2:402679
Available from: 2011-03-09 Created: 2011-03-09 Last updated: 2016-05-04Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Policy and transitions processes in sector systems of innovation and production
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Policy and transitions processes in sector systems of innovation and production
2010 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

In the last decades, innovation and innovation processes in industry have been regarded as critical to establishing sustainable economic competitiveness and development-both crucial for societal goals and visions. In the aftermath of the tirst oil crisis in the late 1970s and early 1980s, the influential work by research schalars' has inspired a comprehensive new order in economic research internationally which will be discussed in this thesis. In the frame of that a main interest has been devoted to look upan what characterizes the emergence and  development of an innovation system and the factors that contribute to, but perhaps also limit, the development?

As a faundatian for the thesis, three different papers have been written. The tirst paper is a literature review with empirical examples and deals with the roats and long tails of the Swedish model - development of institutionai structures on an aggregated level through seetorai systems of innovation and productian. This paper also describes attempts to trans form and adapt the model to new circumstances at the end of the 1990s and the tirst years of the 21 st century. The second paper describe a foresight model and shows how such a model can be a valuable strategic management tool for renewing goals and cognitive awareness in a local cluster group in a traditional industry. This papet also views the consumer secter from miera and actot perspectives on the programme leve!. In the third paper three an ongoing transition processes and mutual development in three mature branches is studied. The paper presents a system perspective on organisations- and mezzoIevel.

The thesis generates tive main conelusions: I) Long-tenn thinking and a nation of "la longue duree" are prerequisites for development of innovation systems. 2) The existence of a reference base and a prehistory constitutes an important platfonn for the emergence of innovation systems. 3) Strong driving forces and intentionalily are fundamental to emerging innovation systems. 4) Institutions and organisations are important instruments of change in the emergence of innovation systems; and 5) Entrepreneurship and management at s!!Uctural and micro levels are important ingredients in an innovation system's development processes. Possible implications ofsome aspects of the conclusions for the Swedish policy landscape are many. One example is the matter of longterm thinking and "la longue duree", which this thesis hopefully has made elear are not synonyms. Long-tenn thinking and temporalily within "la longue duree" are important issues behind successful innovations, change processes, and development processes. Of this. there is an impressive quantity offacts and arguments.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2010. 31 p.
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Thesis, ISSN 0280-7971 ; 1449
National Category
Economics and Business
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-65868 (URN)LiU-TEK-LIC-2010:20 (Local ID)978-91-7393-321-6 (ISBN)LiU-TEK-LIC-2010:20 (Archive number)LiU-TEK-LIC-2010:20 (OAI)
2010-09-09, Vinnova, Mäster Samuelsgatan 56, Stockholm, 13:00 (English)
Available from: 2011-02-23 Created: 2011-02-23 Last updated: 2016-05-04Bibliographically approved

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