Phosphorus retention in a constructed wetland - the role of sediment accretion
Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
A low-loaded constructed wetland was investigated with respect to phosphorus retention. Since the main long-term phosphorus retention mechanism is sedimentation and sediment accretion, the study focused on these processes. The purpose of the study was 1) to investigate how the calculated value of phosphorus retention (Pin – Pout), corresponded with the measured amount of phosphorus in the sediment, 2) to find out where in the wetland the phosphorus had accumulated, and in what form it was retained, and 3) to investigate the role of vegetation. The calculated value was 12 kg ha-1 and the measured value was 104 kg ha-1, which indicated the importance of internal phosphorus circulation, where plants probably take phosphorus from the underlying clay. Hence, vegetation could possibly increase the total phosphorus content in the wetland. The composition of phosphorus in the sediment was analysed using sequential fractionation. The dominating form of phosphorus in the sediment was iron-bound phosphorus (29 %). In total, 48 % of the phosphorus was stable, i.e. tightly bound in the sediment, and 35 % was relatively stable. The bioavailable fraction, which could cause eutrophication in downstream waters, was 17 % of the total phosphorus content, or 41 kg ha-1. The amount of total phosphorus was significantly higher near the inlet, compared to the outlet, which is explained by rapid sedimentation of particulate phosphorus entering the wetland. The phosphorus amount near the inlet represented 80 % of the total phosphorus load – which indicates the importance of internal circulation of phosphorus, both biological and geochemical.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. , 35 p.
Constructed wetland, long-term retention, phosphorus removal efficiency, sediment, sequential fractionation
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-12529ISRN: LiTH-IFM-A-Ex-08/1958--SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-12529DiVA: diva2:405
Subject / course
UppsokLife Earth Science
Tonderski, Karin, Universitetslektor
Höglund, Lars, Universitetslektor