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Fire victim identification by post-mortem dental CT: Radiologic evaluation of restorative materials after exposure to high temperatures
Linköping University, Center for Medical Image Science and Visualization, CMIV. Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Radiology. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre for Diagnostics, Department of Radiology in Linköping. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
University of Zürich.
Linköping University, Center for Medical Image Science and Visualization, CMIV. Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Radiology. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre for Diagnostics, Department of Radiology in Linköping. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9446-6981
Linköping University, Center for Medical Image Science and Visualization, CMIV. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
2011 (English)In: European Journal of Radiology, ISSN 0720-048X, E-ISSN 1872-7727, Vol. 80, no 2, 432-440 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the use of high resolution CT to radiologically define teeth filling material properties in terms of Hounsfield units after high temperature exposure.

METHODS: 122 human molars with 10 different filling materials at defined filling diameters were examined. The teeth were CT scanned both before and after the exposure to different temperatures. After image reconstruction, the teeth and filling materials were analyzed regarding their morphology and Hounsfield units (HU) using an extended HU scale.

RESULTS: The majority of filling materials diminished in size at temperatures >/=400 degrees C. HU values were stable for all materials up till 200 degrees C, and only slightly changed up to 600 degrees C. Cerec, Dyract and dentin showed only minor changes in HU at all temperatures. The other materials, inclusive enamel, showed specific patterns, either increasing or decreasing in HU with increasing temperatures over 600 degrees C.

CONCLUSIONS: Over 600 degrees C the filling materials show specific patterns that can be used to discriminate filling materials. Ultra high resolution CT may improve the identification processes in fire victims. Existing 3D visualization presets for the dentition can be used until 600 degrees C and have to be optimized for bodies exposed to higher temperatures.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
United Kingdom: Elsevier Ltd , 2011. Vol. 80, no 2, 432-440 p.
Keyword [en]
Forensic medicine; High resolution CT; Fire victim identification; Post-mortem imaging; Forensic radiology; Filling materials
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-66922DOI: 10.1016/j.ejrad.2010.06.012ISI: 000296360500076OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-66922DiVA: diva2:405299
Available from: 2011-03-22 Created: 2011-03-22 Last updated: 2017-12-11Bibliographically approved

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Publisher's full texthttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20615643

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Woisetschläger, MischaPersson, Anders

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Center for Medical Image Science and Visualization, CMIVRadiologyDepartment of Radiology in LinköpingFaculty of Health Sciences
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