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The private whistleblower: defining a new type of role in the public system
Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6480-8752
2012 (English)In: Business and Politics, ISSN 1369-5258, E-ISSN 1469-3569, Vol. 14, no 2Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Public procurement has become a common element in Swedish administration. One purpose of procuring is to lower the costs of the procured service and another is for the political level to gain better control over what it is purchasing. However, monitoring problems exist when conducting public procurements; recent studies indicate that actions related to corruption among public servants are most common in public procurement processes. This article takes its departure in public actors monitoring problems. I argue that, in the case of public procurement, private actors have taken on a type of monitoring role towards the public sector, and that the public system in fact, depends on private actors to detect bypasses committed by civil servants. This article provides an understanding of this monitoring role and discusses its theoretical and practical implications for the public system. It is concluded that upholding the public system is not the primary objective for the private whistleblower but a positive effect. The monitoring role is analysed in the framework of principal-agent theory and should be seen as complementary to existing monitoring functions that public principals have at their disposal.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 14, no 2
Keyword [en]
Public procurement, monitoring, public-private, whistleblower
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalization Studies)
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-67202DOI: 10.1515/1469-3569.1406OAI: diva2:408256
Available from: 2011-04-04 Created: 2011-04-04 Last updated: 2013-10-09Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Public Procurement at the Local Government Level: Actor roles, discretion and constraints in the implementation of public transport goals
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Public Procurement at the Local Government Level: Actor roles, discretion and constraints in the implementation of public transport goals
2011 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Alternative title[sv]
Offentlig upphandling på lokal nivå : Aktörs roller, handlingsutrymme och begränsningar vid implementering av kollektivtrafik mål
Abstract [en]

The overall purpose of this thesis is to gain further knowledge of how the Swedish local government level is affected by requirements to use public procurement through competitive tendering and, more specifically, understand the actions taken by included actors when public procurement is required in implementation of public transport goals. Through case study method, an in specific process tracing, various implementation processes have been examined. One studied process complied with the procurement regulations, while the others included elements that circumvented them. In each process, the actions taken by involved actors have been the focus. The findings are presented in four papers. An overall conclusion is that, when public procurement is required in implementation at the local government level, several actors need to interact. These actors may use procurement to expand, maintain, or restrain their discretion towards others actors. In addition, various control mechanisms, such as e.g. monitoring, are used to restrain an actor’s discretion when the actor is circumventing procurement legislation.

Abstract [sv]

Det övergripande syftet med denna avhandling är att öka kunskapen om hur den lokala nivån i Sverige är påverkad av kravet på att använda offentlig upphandling, och mer specifikt att förstå de handlingar som olika aktörer vidtar vid implementering av kollektivtrafik mål, då konkurrensutsatt upphandling är ett krav. Genom fallstudie metod har olika implementeringsprocesser undersökts. I en process har upphandlingsreglerna följts, medan i de andra har upphandlingslagen kringgåtts. Resultaten har analyserats utifrån principal-agent teori och presenteras i form av fyra artiklar. I studien konstateras det att flera aktörer är beroende av varandra i implementeringen. Aktörerna kan använda upphandling för att både behålla och expandera sitt handlingsutrymme gentemot andra aktörer, men upphandling kan även vara begränsande. I studien diskuteras även olika kontrollmekanismer som användas då aktörer kringgår upphandlingslagstiftningen.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2011. 62 + papers 1-4 p.
Linköping Studies in Arts and Science, ISSN 0282-9800 ; 528
Public procurement, Competitive tendering, Local government, Implementation, Public transport, Principal–Agent theory, Discretion, Public administration, Offentlig upphandling, Implementering, Kollektivtrafik, Principal-Agent teori, Handlingsutrymme, Lokal nivå, Offentlig förvaltning
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-67206 (URN)978-91-7393-175-5 (ISBN)
Public defence
2011-04-29, TemCas, Hus T, Campus Valla, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, 13:15 (Swedish)
Available from: 2011-04-04 Created: 2011-04-04 Last updated: 2014-10-08Bibliographically approved

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Hansson, Lisa
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