Circulating angiotensin-converting enzyme levels are associated with left ventricular dysfunction, but not with central aortic blood pressure, aortic augmentation or pulse pressure amplification
2011 (English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Aim: This study aimed to explore the link between angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE), and left ventricular (LV) function and central hemodynamics.
Methods and Results: The study population consisted of 672 subjects (322 men and 350 women) aged 69-87 years. LV function was evaluated semi-quantitatively by visual estimation using echocardiography. Central aortic blood pressure, aortic augmentation and pulse pressure amplification were determined in a sub-group of 422 subjects by the use of the SphygmoCor system. ACE genotype was determined by PCR and circulating ACE levels were analysed using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).
LV dysfunction was associated with higher levels of circulating ACE compared to subjects with normal LV function (p=0.007). This association remained after adjustment for factors previously shown to affect circulating ACE (ACE-genotype, age, diabetes and smoking) (p=0.036). There was a significant association between ACE level and degree of LV dysfunction (p=0.019). However, there was no association of ACE genotype or circulating ACE with central aortic blood pressure, aortic augmentation or pulse pressure amplification.
Conclusion: Subjects with LV dysfunction have higher levels of circulating ACE compared to subjects with normal LV function. ACE might play a role in the pathogenesis of LV dysfunction and our data indicates a direct effect on the heart rather than affecting central blood pressure.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ACE, Heart Failure, Polymorphism, Renin-Angiotensin System, Central hemodynamics
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-67214OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-67214DiVA: diva2:408326