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Persuasive Engagement: Exploiting lifestyle as a driving force to promoteenergy-aware use patterns and behaviours
Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, MDALAB - Human Computer Interfaces. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, MDALAB - Human Computer Interfaces. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
Product and Service Design, Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan, Stockholm.
2008 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Electricity consumption has been rising significantly in the western world the last decades and this affect the environment negatively. Efficient use and more energy conservative usage patterns could be ways to approach this problem. However, electricity has for a long time actively been hidden away and it is rarely thought of unless it ceases to exist. From the perspective of critical design, we have been working to find methods to visualise electricity and electricity consumption in everyday life to promote environmentally positive behavioural change. In this paper, we are looking at how aspects of lifestyles can be used in design as central driving forces that could lead to changed behaviour. Attempts to promote behavioural changes related to energy consumption might be successfully carried out when people are offered desirable alternatives that are engaging and that do not impose a perceived extra burden in their everyday life. This argument is exemplified through two design concepts, the AWARE Laundry Lamp and the Energy Plant, which are examples on how to increase people’s energy awareness and offer them means for reducing their energy consumption in the home. Both prototypes are inspired by current trends in lifestyle as well as actual observed user behaviour.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008.
Keyword [en]
Interaction Design; Sustainable Design; Energy; Lifestyle; Persuasive Design
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-67462OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-67462DiVA: diva2:410322
Conference
Design Research Society International Conference 2008 (DRS2008), 16–19 July 2008, Sheffield Hallam University, Sheffield, United Kingdom
Available from: 2011-04-13 Created: 2011-04-13 Last updated: 2011-04-13Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Sustainable Interactions: Studies in the Design of Energy Awareness Artefacts
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sustainable Interactions: Studies in the Design of Energy Awareness Artefacts
2011 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis presents a collection of experimental designs that approach the problem of growing electricity consumption in homes. From the perspective of design, the intention has been to critically explore the design space of energy awareness artefacts to reinstate awareness of energy use in everyday practice. The design experiments were used as vehicles for thinking about the relationship between physical form, interaction, and social practice. The rationale behind the concepts was based on a small-scale ethnography, situated interviews, and design experience. Moreover, the thesis compares designer intention and actual user experiences of a prototype that was installed in nine homes in a residential area in Stockholm for three months. This was done in order to elicit tacit knowledge about how the concept was used in real-world domestic settings, to challenge everyday routines, and to enable both users and designers to critically reflect on artefacts and practices.

From a design perspective, contributions include design approaches to communicating energy use: visualizations for showing relationships between behaviour and electricity consumption, shapes and forms to direct action, means for turning restrictions caused by energy conservation into central parts of the product experience, and ways to promote sustainable behaviour with positive driving forces based on user lifestyles.

The general results indicate that inclusion is of great importance when designing energy awareness artefacts; all members of the household should be able to access, interact with, and reflect on their energy use. Therefore, design-related aspects such as placement and visibility, as well as how the artefact might affect the social interactions in the home,  become central. Additionally, the thesis argues that these types of artefacts can potentially create awareness accompanied by negative results such as stress. A challenge for the designer is to create artefacts that communicate and direct energy use in ways that are attractive and can be accepted by all household members as a possible way of life.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2011. 72 p.
Series
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Thesis, ISSN 0280-7971 ; 1485
Keyword
Interaction design, energy awareness, sustainability, domestication
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-67187 (URN)LiU-Tek-Lic-2011:24 (Local ID)978-91-7393-163-2 (ISBN)LiU-Tek-Lic-2011:24 (Archive number)LiU-Tek-Lic-2011:24 (OAI)
Presentation
2011-04-29, Visionen, hus B, Campus Valla, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, 13:15 (English)
Supervisors
Note
In the electronic version of the thesis the references in some of the chapters has been corrected.Available from: 2011-04-13 Created: 2011-04-04 Last updated: 2011-04-20Bibliographically approved

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