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Megacities: turning ten million faces at Swedish environmental technology
Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Environmental Technology and Management. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. (Megatech)
Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Environmental Technology and Management. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Environmental Technology and Management. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
2011 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The world is facing a tremendous challenge with its current urbanization trend. In particular, two types of cities–i.e. emerging and transitional–are of interest given their rapid population growth and the subsequent pressure put on its infrastructure and logistics and on its surrounding environment. This can represent huge business opportunities for companies in Sweden, where population growth has stabilized and a lot of these problems have been already addressed. At the same time, the host city can benefit from the solution of some of their problems and a push towards a more sustainable development. In this article, the key dynamics for successful up-scaling and diffusion of environmental technologies in emerging markets are analyzed based on a case-study. The identification of key local stakeholders, such as governmental and non-governmental institutions (NGOs), intermediary institutions, industry representatives and academia was the raw material for a first round of interviews. The latter, provided an insight of what are the barriers to success, having in mind the specific social and economic context of the venue and its inhabitants/government’s perceptions of their current environmental situation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011.
Keyword [en]
Megacities, Environmental technology, Sustainable development, Emerging markets
National Category
Other Environmental Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-67601OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-67601DiVA: diva2:411663
Conference
The R&D Management Conference 2011, 28-30 June, Norrköping, Sweden
Projects
Megatech
Available from: 2012-01-09 Created: 2011-04-19 Last updated: 2013-02-15Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Diffusion of Environmental Technology in a Megacity - A case study of Mexico City
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Diffusion of Environmental Technology in a Megacity - A case study of Mexico City
2013 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

In a world recently declared urban, each day technology plays a more important role in society. A majority of people seem to believe in technology not only for solving everyday problems and for supporting the current production and economic systems, but also for the redress of environmental problems that are caused to a large extent by the same technology that has driven society to the current standards. In this direction, megacities (i.e. cities with more than ten million inhabitants) represent a valuable example of both the problems caused by high urbanization rates and the possibility of solving them using technology. However, the mere development of technology does not guarantee its immediate adoption and successful implementation by a given society.

In this thesis, one of the largest megacities in the world (i.e. in terms of population) was chosen as a case study for the analysis of the adoption and diffusion of environmental technology. Mexico City is studied through a set of interviews with local stakeholders from academia, government, industry and other external organizations such as non-profit organizations and international institutions. This approach resulted in the identification of different obstacles to the adoption and implementation of technologies, but also led to a successful case of technology adoption that allowed for the understanding of important traits that facilitated not only such adoption, but also the subsequent diffusion and spread to other cities.

Although the thesis has a strong focus on the demand side (in this case Mexico City), the supply side (in this case the Swedish environmental technology sector) is also considered and analyzed. By using statistical data of common enterprise and economic nature, the composition of the sector was described and analyzed with the intention to identify important areas and behavioral traits that could give insight into the hindrances that the sector faces when exporting its offerings. Given the interest that the Swedish government has put in the sector for contributing to the country’s economic growth, the different studies commissioned for the assessment of the sector are also discussed in this thesis. The different conclusions and suggestions made by the different agencies entrusted with this task are shown and analyzed.

Conclusions are drawn regarding the need for designing strategies that consider local conditions, that are flexible and adaptive to a highly dynamic environment and that pay particular attention to the development of strong demonstration projects that facilitate overcoming the distrust normally created when new technologies are introduced in a society.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2013. 73 p.
Series
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Thesis, ISSN 0280-7971 ; 1574
Keyword
Technology Diffusion, Environmental Technology, Megacities, Mexico City
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-88401 (URN)978-91-7519-697-8 (ISBN)
Presentation
2013-02-01, ACAS, Hus A, Campus Valla, Linköping University, Linköping, 10:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Projects
Megatech
Funder
Vinnova
Available from: 2013-02-15 Created: 2013-02-04 Last updated: 2013-02-15Bibliographically approved

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Mejia Dugand, SantiagoHjelm, OlofBaas, Leenard

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