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Hearing Loss Is Negatively Related to Episodic and Semantic Long-Term Memory but Not to Short-Term Memory
Linköping University, The Swedish Institute for Disability Research. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Disability Research. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
Linköping University, The Swedish Institute for Disability Research. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Disability Research. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
Linköping University, The Swedish Institute for Disability Research. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Disability Research. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Oto-Rhiono-Laryngology and Head & Neck Surgery. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
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2011 (English)In: Journal of Speech, Language and Hearing Research, ISSN 1092-4388, E-ISSN 1558-9102, Vol. 54, no April, 705-726 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose: To test the relationship between degree of hearing loss anddifferent memory systems in hearing aid users.

Method: Structural equation modeling (SEM) was used to study the relationshipbetween auditory and visual acuity and different cognitive andmemory functions in an age-hetereogenous subsample of 160 hearingaid users without dementia, drawn from the Swedish prospectivecohort aging study known as Betula (L.-G. Nilsson et al., 1997).

Results: Hearing loss was selectively and negatively related to episodicand semantic long-term memory (LTM) but not short-term memory(STM) performance. This held true for both ears, even when agewas accounted for. Visual acuity alone, or in combination withauditory acuity, did not contribute to any acceptable SEM solution.

Conclusions: The overall relationships between hearing loss and memory systemswere predicted by the ease of language understanding model (J. Rönnberg, 2003), but the exact mechanisms of episodicmemory decline in hearing aid users (i.e., mismatch/disuse,attentional resources, or information degradation) remain openfor further experiments. The hearing aid industry should striveto design signal processing algorithms that are cognition friendly.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Speech-Language-Hearing Association , 2011. Vol. 54, no April, 705-726 p.
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Social Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-67629DOI: 10.1044/1092-4388(2010/09-0088)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-67629DiVA: diva2:412051
Available from: 2011-04-20 Created: 2011-04-20 Last updated: 2017-12-11Bibliographically approved

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Rönnberg, JerkerDanielsson, HenrikRudner, MaryArlinger, Stig

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The Swedish Institute for Disability ResearchDisability ResearchFaculty of Arts and SciencesOto-Rhiono-Laryngology and Head & Neck SurgeryFaculty of Health Sciences
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