liu.seSearch for publications in DiVA
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • oxford
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
IL-1α Sustains the Inflammation in Human Pancreatic Cancer Microenvironment by Targeting Cancer Associated Fibroblasts
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Molecular Virology. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Internal Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Molecular Virology. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Surgery. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre of Surgery and Oncology, Department of Surgery in Östergötland.
Show others and affiliations
2010 (English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The tumor microenvironment in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is dynamic with an extensive interaction between the stroma and tumor cells. Our aim for this study was to delineate the cross-talk between PDAC and cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) with focus on the mechanism creating the chronic inflammatory tumor milieu. We assessed the effect cross talk between primary PDAC and CAF cell lines propagated from tumors had on the creation and sustenance of an inflammatory environment and what factors that were involved in establishing the inflammation.

The coculture of PDAC and CAF cell lines, propagated from tumor tissues, enhanced the levels of inflammatory factors including IL-1α, IL-6, CXCL8, VEGFA, CCL20, and COX-2. The production of these factors correlated with the expression detected in vivo in PDAC tissues. The key producers of nearly all inflammatory factors were the CAFs and not the tumor cells.

IL-1α was produced by the tumor cell lines, whereas almost all IL-1RI was expressed by CAFs thus corresponding to their in vivo expression profile in PDAC tissues, indicating a role for the IL-1 signaling cascade in a tumor favorable microenvironment. Neutralization of the IL-1α pathway efficiently diminished the cross talk induced production of inflammatory factors, both in stroma and tumor cells. These data suggest that the cross-talk between PDAC cells and the main stroma cell type, i.e. CAFs, is one contributing factor in the formation of the inflammatory tumor environment and we propose that the neutralization of IL-1α pathway might be a potential therapy for this cancer.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 10, no 87
Keyword [en]
Tumor stroma cross talk; pancreatic cancer; cancer associated fibroblasts; inflammation; IL-1α
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-67750OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-67750DiVA: diva2:412659
Available from: 2011-04-26 Created: 2011-04-26 Last updated: 2011-04-26Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Studies of the tumor microenvironment: Local and systemic effects exerted by the cross-talk between tumor and stroma cells in pancreatic cancer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Studies of the tumor microenvironment: Local and systemic effects exerted by the cross-talk between tumor and stroma cells in pancreatic cancer
2010 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Pancreatic cancer is one of the most lethal cancers and despite all research efforts the last 50 years, there are still no effective therapy for this terrible disease. Until quite recently most research in the field of pancreatic duct adenocarcinoma (PDAC) was focused on the tumor cells and mechanisms essential for their proliferation and survival. However, the tumor does not only consist of tumor cells, rather a combination of tumor cells and numerous stroma cell types, i.e. the tumor microenvironment. The tumor cells have developed the ability to activate the surrounding cells to produce factors important for the progression of the tumor. Cancer associated fibroblasts (CAFs) are the major stroma component and as much as 70% of the total PDAC tumor mass consists of these cells. In this thesis I have investigated the mechanisms involved in the cross-talk between tumor cells and CAFs and distinguished the local and systemic effects of this communication. Tumor derived IL-1α was identified as an important factor creating the inflammatory profile seen in CAFs. In PDAC patients, IL-1α was detected in 90% of the tumors and high expression was associated with poor clinical outcome. Moreover, the PDAC tumors had elevated expression levels of many inflammatory factors that were induced in CAFs by the tumor derived IL-1α in vitro. Consequently, this high expression of inflammatory factors in CAFs will attract immune cells including tumor associated macrophages (TAMs), dendritic cells (DCs), and CD8+ T cells. This indicates an immune suppressive role of CAFs, protecting the tumor cells by acting as decoy targets for immune cells homing into the tumor. The inflammatory factors produced in the PDAC microenvironment did not only affect the infiltrating immune cells, but had also systemic effects that included decreased levels of blood DCs in PDAC patients. Furthermore, these myeloid and plasmacytoid DCs were partly activated and had a semi mature phenotype and impaired immunostimulatory function. Low levels of blood DCs were direct associated with poor patient prognosis and the same was seen for low expression of ICOSL by the DCs.

The findings presented in this thesis indicate an essential role for the cross-talk between tumor cells and stroma in the production of tumor  promoting factors. Treatment of PDAC patients with drugs that target the IL-1α signaling pathway could prevent the communication between these cells, thus reduce the amount of inflammatory factors both locally and systemically. Altogether, our findings support the idea that neutralization of the IL-1α signaling molecule could be a promising therapy for pancreatic cancer.

The findings presented in this thesis indicate an essential role for the cross-talk between tumor cells and stroma in the production of tumor promoting factors. Treatment of PDAC patients with drugs that target the IL-1α signaling pathway could prevent the communication between these cells, thus reduce the amount of inflammatory factors both locally and systemically. Altogether, our findings support the idea that neutralization of the IL-1α signaling molecule could be a promising therapy for pancreatic cancer.

Abstract [sv]

Mindre än 5% av patienterna som drabbas av cancer i bukspottkörteln förväntas överleva i mer än fem år. De typiska symtomen kommer sent och sjukdomen framskrider snabbt. Några av de riskfaktorer som identifierats är tobaksrökning, fetma och typ 2 diabetes.

Forskningen har hittills siktat in sig på tumörcellerna och de mekanismer de använder för att överleva och föröka sig. Men en tumör innehåller också normala kroppsceller och vid bukspottkörtelcancer kan så mycket som 70 procent bestå av i sig ofarliga bindvävsceller. Miljön i tumören skapas av samspelet mellan dessa celltyper. De cancerceller som är bäst på att utnyttja omgivningen för sin tillväxt fortlever och för sina egenskaper vidare. En sådan egenskap är att kunna manipulera bindvävsceller till att producera signalsubstanser och tillväxtfaktorer som gynnar tumören.

Mekanismerna bakom denna kommunikation har studerats och ett viktigt fynd var att tumörcellerna producerar signalämnet interleukin 1-alpha (IL-1a). Detta protein upptäcktes i 90 procent av de undersökta tumörerna, och var kopplat till dålig prognos hos patienterna.

Signalen via IL-1a sätter igång tillverkningen av substanser som behövs för nybildning och tillväxt av blodkärl, i sin tur en förutsättning för att tumören ska leva vidare och växa. Proteinet stimulerar också celldelning i tumören, bidrar till att lura kroppens immunförsvar och underlättar spridning av dottertumörer till andra delar av kroppen.

När vi slår ut signaleringen kan tumörcellerna inte längre påverka bindvävscellerna lika effektivt, och således minskar förekomsten av flera faktorer som gynnar tumörtillväxten. IL-1a kan därför vara en lovande kandidat att utforska vidare för framtida som ett läkemedel mot bukspottkörtelcancer.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2010. 69 p.
Series
Linköping University Medical Dissertations, ISSN 0345-0082 ; 1219
Keyword
Pancreatic cancer, cancer associated fibroblasts, dendritic cells, IL-1alpha, tumor microenvironment, inflammation, bukspottkörtelcancer, Bukspyttkjertel kreft
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-67632 (URN)978-91-7393-274-5 (ISBN)
Public defence
2010-12-16, Linden, Hälsouniversitet, Campus US, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, 09:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2011-04-26 Created: 2011-04-20 Last updated: 2011-04-26Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Authority records BETA

Tjomsland, VegardSpångeus, AnnaVälilä, JohannaSandström, PerBorch, KurtLarsson, Marie

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Tjomsland, VegardSpångeus, AnnaVälilä, JohannaSandström, PerBorch, KurtLarsson, Marie
By organisation
Molecular VirologyFaculty of Health SciencesInternal MedicineSurgeryDepartment of Surgery in Östergötland
Medical and Health Sciences

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

urn-nbn

Altmetric score

urn-nbn
Total: 30 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • oxford
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf