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Increased cutaneous oxygen availability by topical application of hydrogen peroxide cream enhances the photodynamic reaction to topical 5-aminolevulinic acid-methyl ester
Department of Dermatology, Royal Adelaide Hospital, Adelaide .
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Dermatology and Venerology. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre for Medicine, Department of Dermatology and Venerology in Östergötland.
2011 (English)In: ARCHIVES OF DERMATOLOGICAL RESEARCH, ISSN 0340-3696, Vol. 303, no 4, 285-292 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Topical 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) and methyl aminolevulinate (MAL) photodynamic therapy (PDT) of skin lesions is an accepted treatment for skin tumours but success rates need improvement. The effectiveness of PDT is influenced by availability of oxygen. The aim of this study was to demonstrate, in normal skin, whether a decrease in skin oxygen tension reduces the photodynamic reaction (PDR); and whether the addition of topical hydrogen peroxide can reverse the effect. Topical MAL and red light were administered to the inner forearms of 40 healthy volunteers. Skin oxygen availability was lowered during the illumination phase of the PDT, by applying blanching pressure with a plastic slide. Topical hydrogen peroxide was applied under the pressure slide, immediately prior to illumination, to reverse the effect. Erythema was assessed by naked eye and laser Doppler perfusion imaging (LDPI), at baseline and at 1, 5, 24 and 48 h following illumination. Decreasing oxygen availability by pressure altered the PDR with a larger number of subjects (17.5%) not demonstrating any visible erythema at any time point after plastic slide pressure compared to a PDR Control site (7.5%). The addition of topical hydrogen peroxide during pressure application, restored the number of subjects showing no visible erythema compared to that of PDR Control. LDPI data showed that there was a decrease in mean perfusion after plastic slide pressure when comparing the change from baseline to 24 h (P andlt; 0.05) with the PDR Control. The addition of hydrogen peroxide not only restored but also increased the mean perfusion compared to that of PDR Control when comparing the change from baseline to 5 h and the change from baseline to 24 h (P andlt; 0.001). Increasing oxygen availability increased the PDR in normal skin. The possibility that addition of topical hydrogen peroxide to PDT protocols for non-melanoma skin cancer may increase reactivity and, thus, be relevant for outcomes warrants further study.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer Science Business Media , 2011. Vol. 303, no 4, 285-292 p.
Keyword [en]
5-Aminolevulinic acid, Human skin, Hydrogen peroxide, Oxygen tension, Photodynamic therapy, Laser Doppler perfusion imaging
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-68030DOI: 10.1007/s00403-011-1128-xISI: 000289728300008OAI: diva2:415218
Available from: 2011-05-06 Created: 2011-05-06 Last updated: 2011-05-13

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Anderson, Chris
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Dermatology and VenerologyFaculty of Health SciencesDepartment of Dermatology and Venerology in Östergötland
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