Slung Load Control and User Interfaces for a Quadrotor Micro Air Vehicle
Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 credits / 45 HE creditsStudent thesis
The use of small scale Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) is quickly becomingcommonplace in many domains. Operating such vehicles often requires using aspecialized radio control (RC) transmitter. One objective of this thesis is toinvestigate the use of other means of controlling a particular type of a UAV - aquadrotor. Two types of alternative devices are investigated, a standard gamingconsole controller PlayStation 3 gamepad (PS3 gamepad) and a smartphone(Android OS based). The purpose of substituting the RC controller is to make iteasier for a novice user to operate a UAV.
The second objective is to investigate solutions to the problem of slung load control. A slung load is a uniform mass attached to a platform with a wire that may swingfreely. The slung load control problem consists of several subproblems: slung loadmodeling, altitude control, ﬁltering of sensor data and the slung load control itself. The purpose of controlling the slung load is to reduce the oscillations of the load inﬂight and to minimize its inﬂuence on the ﬂight performance of a UAV.
Both types of alternative interfaces to the UAV were designed and implemented. Inorder to interface with the quadrotor platform at hand a new communicationprotocol based on TCP/IP was introduced. A study of the design process and typicaluse cases was performed. The two types of interfaces were evaluated by a group oftarget users as well as in real ﬂight tests. The game controller was easy to use whilethe smartphone interface required automatic altitude control to be really useful. The evaluators found that the smartphone provided a smoother control over the steeringcompared to using the joystick on a game controller.
The slung load control problem was investigated theoretically and in practice on astationary testing rig. The altitude control problem has been addressed byincorporating a PID controller which uses ﬁltered data from a pressure sensor. ThePID control was extended with an anti-windup mechanism combined with afeedforward control of the tilt angle. A mechanism for a smooth transition from themanual to automatic altitude control modes was implemented and veriﬁed in ﬂighttests.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. , 114 p.
quadrotor, quadcopter, LinkQuad, android, control, user control, slung load control
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-69371ISRN: LIU-IDA/LITH-EX-A--11/024--SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-69371DiVA: diva2:426996
Subject / course
Computer and information science at the Institute of Technology
2011-06-10, Kurt Gödel, Campus Valla, IDA, Linköping, 16:53 (English)
Rudol, Piotr, DoktorandWzorek, Mariusz, Doktorand
Fredrik, Heintz, Forskarassistent