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Fonologiska och kognitiva förmågor hos barn: en jämförelse mellan barn med cochleaimplantat och/eller hörapparat och normalhörande barn
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Speech and Language Pathology.
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Speech and Language Pathology.
2011 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med föreliggande studie var att undersöka eventuella skillnader mellan barn med cochleaimplantat (CI) och/eller hörapparat (HA) och normalhörande barn i åldrarna fem till sju år avseende fonologiska och kognitiva förmågor. I studien jämfördes resultat från elva till 44 normalhörande barn med åtta till 25 barn med CI/HA från fyra olika studier. Undersökningsmaterialet utgjordes av kortversionen av Stora fonemtestet, fonologiska representationer, TOWRE samt fem deltest ur testbatteriet SIPS. Testresultaten analyserades kvantitativt och för kortversionen av Stora Fonemtestet även kvalitativt. Resultatet visade att barnen med CI/HA generellt presterade lägre än de normalhörande barnen på test av fonologisk förmåga och fonologiskt arbetsminne, men att de låg i nivå med de normalhörande barnen avseende generellt och visuospatialt arbetsminne. De slutsatser som kunde dras var att barnen med CI/HA presterade signifikant lägre avseende flertalet aspekter av fonologisk förmåga, på gruppnivå, dock var prestationen hos barnen med CI/HA vid uppdelning i åldersgrupper signifikant lägre på test av fonologisk produktion i femårsgruppen, men inte i sex- och sjuårsgrupperna. Beträffande kognitiv förmåga presterade barnen med CI/HA betydligt lägre på test av fonologiskt arbetsminne, men de presterade i nivå med de normalhörande barnen i samma åldrar avseende generellt och visuospatialt arbetsminne.

Abstract [en]

The aim of the current study was to examine potential differences in phonological and cognitive abilities between children with cochlear implants (CI) and/or hearing aids (HA) and hearing children in the ages five to seven years. The study compared results from eleven to 44 children with normal hearing with eight to 25 children with CI/HA from four different studies. The material consisted of a test of output phonology, a test of phonological representations, TOWRE and five subtests in SIPS. All of the results were analyzed quantitatively and the test of output phonology was also analyzed qualitatively. The results indicated that children with CI/HA in general performed poorer than the hearing children on tests of phonological ability and phonological working memory, but they performed on a par with hearing children on tests of complex and visuospatial working memory. The conclusions that may be drawn are that the children with CI/HA, as a group, exhibited poorer phonological ability on several of tests of phonological ability than the children with normal hearing. When analyzed according to age the children with CI/HA exhibited significantly lower phonological production skills in the group consisting of five year old children, but not in the groups consisting of six and seven year old children. Regarding cognitive ability the children with CI/HA exhibited poorer phonological working memory capacity compared to the children with normal hearing, but regarding complex and visuospatial working memory they exhibited abilities on a par with the children with normal hearing

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. , 41 p.
Keyword [en]
cochlear implants, hearing aids, children, phonological abilities, cognitive abilities
Keyword [sv]
cochleaimplantat, hörapparat, barn, fonologiska förmågor, kognitiva förmågor
National Category
Otorhinolaryngology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-69477ISRN: LIU-IKE/SLP-A--11/007--SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-69477DiVA: diva2:427808
Subject / course
Master (one year thesis)/Speech and Language Pathology
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2011-06-29 Created: 2011-06-28 Last updated: 2011-06-29Bibliographically approved

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Magisteruppsats Logopedprogrammet Keranovic och Stengård(896 kB)814 downloads
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
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  • Other style
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Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf