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Fodertillgång och stereotypa beteenden under natten hos Asiatisk elefant (Elephas maximus)
Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology.
2011 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10,5 credits / 16 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Animals in zoos live in more barren environments than their conspecifics in nature. In nature, elephants spend more than 75 % of the day foraging and have been observed lying down two hours during night. Stereotypies are common in many different species in zoos. Stereotypic behaviors may constitute up to 50 % of the daily activity budget of zoo elephants. Modern zoos try to reduce stereotypic behaviors by means of environmental enrichment. Three elephant cows at Kolmårdens Djurpark were observed during night to map their nocturnal behaviors and see how they changed with feeding enrichment. The elephants were lying down on their sides 25 % of the time observed. With feeding enrichment offered in the morning, the stereotypies was reduced in one individual from 43 % to 13 % (P<0.01) and the foraging was increased in two individuals from 45 % to 80 % (P<0.01) and from 45 % to 64 % (P<0.05). Increased food access increased foraging behavior and as environmental enrichment was able to reduce the stereotypic behaviors in these Asian elephant.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. , 10 p.
Keyword [en]
Asian elephant, enrichment, foraging, stereotypic behavior, nocturnal behavior
National Category
Behavioral Sciences Biology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-69572ISRN: LiTH-IFM- Ex—11/2513--SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-69572DiVA: diva2:429090
Subject / course
Ethology
Uppsok
Life Earth Science
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2011-08-08 Created: 2011-07-02 Last updated: 2011-09-21Bibliographically approved

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Fodertillgång och stereotypa beteenden under natten hos Asiatisk elefant (Elephas maximus)(819 kB)629 downloads
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Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology
Behavioral Sciences Biology

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • oxford
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf