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Long-Term Consequences of Non-Optimal Birth Characteristics
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Obstetrics and gynecology. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre of Paediatrics and Gynecology and Obstetrics, Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics in Linköping.
2011 (English)In: AMERICAN JOURNAL OF REPRODUCTIVE IMMUNOLOGY, ISSN 1046-7408, Vol. 66, 81-87 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Problem The intrauterine milieu, gestational length as well as size at birth have a profound impact on the individuals mental, physical health and development both in childhood as well as in adult life. Method of study This paper reviews the associations between preterm birth and restricted fetal growth with neuro-developmental sequelae, including increased symptoms of psychiatric disorder in childhood and early adulthood. There is also evidence that physical morbidity such as the metabolic syndrome is more common in adult life. In addition, preterm birth and restricted fetal growth have been shown to be related to respiratory disease, infectious disease, and even malignancy. Morbidity, mental and physical as well as personality/intellectual traits hugely impact on family planning and reproductive performance in adults. As restricted fetal growth may alter organ structure and functions, it is likely to also influence subsequent fertility and/or reproductive health. Results Individuals with non-optimal birth characteristics appears to have a reduction in childbearing and a deviant reproduction pattern compared to controls. Conclusion Future studies with sophisticated models for measuring the most vulnerable period of birth for children who have a low birth weight or who are at risk for being born preterm are needed to be able to explore the underlying biological mechanisms and also to plan for prevention as well as for interventions during pregnancy.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Blackwell Publishing Ltd , 2011. Vol. 66, 81-87 p.
Keyword [en]
Birth rate; cohort studies; epidemiology; hospitalization; morbidity; preterm infant; reproduction; small-for-gestational-age infant
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-69813DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0897.2011.01035.xISI: 000292337700011OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-69813DiVA: diva2:433547
Note
This is the author’s version of the publication: Gunilla Sydsjö, Long-Term Consequences of Non-Optimal Birth Characteristics, 2011, AMERICAN JOURNAL OF REPRODUCTIVE IMMUNOLOGY, (66), 81-87. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0897.2011.01035.x Copyright: John Wiley and Sons http://www.wiley.com/ Available from: 2011-08-10 Created: 2011-08-08 Last updated: 2011-08-22

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Obstetrics and gynecologyFaculty of Health SciencesDepartment of Gynecology and Obstetrics in Linköping
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