Acidic preparations of lysed platelets upregulate proliferative pathways in osteoblast-like cells as demonstrated by genome-wide microarray analysis
2011 (English)In: Platelets, ISSN 0953-7104, E-ISSN 1369-1635, Vol. 22, no 6, 452-460 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
latelets contain numerous growth factors essential for wound and fracture healing. We investigated the gene expression in human osteoblast-like cells stimulated with lysed platelets prepared in acidic, neutral, or alkaline buffers. Lysed platelets prepared in buffers at pH 5.4, 7.4, and 7.9, were added after neutralization to hFOB 1.19 cells. Genome-wide microarray analysis was performed using the Affymetrix GeneChip 7G Scanner. Biometric, cluster, and pathway analyses were performed with GeneSpring GX. Biometric analyses demonstrated that 53 genes were differentially regulated (p andlt;= 0.005, andgt;= 2-fold increase). Pathway analysis revealed 10 significant pathways of which eight are common ones regulating bone formation and cancer growth. Eleven genes were selected for quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) based on the microarray analysis of the lysed platelets prepared in the pH 5.4 experiments. In conclusion, acidic preparations of lysed platelet concentrates release factors essential for cell proliferation and particularly cell metabolism under hypoxic conditions. The genetic response from these factors was dominated by genes associated with the same pathways observed in bone formation and cancer growth. Activation of TGF-beta in the acidic preparation could be a stimulatory key factor of cell proliferation. These results support the hypothesis that acidification of platelets modifies the stimulatory response of mesenchymal cells in vitro, which is analogous with the observed milieu of a low pH present in wound and fracture sites, as well as in growing tumors.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Informa Healthcare , 2011. Vol. 22, no 6, 452-460 p.
Cell proliferation, gene expression, hypoxia, platelets, TGFBR pathway
National CategoryMedical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-70115DOI: 10.3109/09537104.2011.565432ISI: 000293600300008OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-70115DiVA: diva2:435537
Original Publication: Ola Wahlström, Cecilia Linder, Anna Ansell, Anders Kalén, Mats Söderström and Per Magnusson, Acidic preparations of lysed platelets upregulate proliferative pathways in osteoblast-like cells as demonstrated by genome-wide microarray analysis, 2011, Platelets, (22), 6, 452-460. http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/09537104.2011.565432 Copyright: Informa Healthcare http://informahealthcare.com/2011-08-192011-08-192013-10-22