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Applying a customised DNA polymerase blend in forensic DNA profiling
Swedish National Laboratory of Forensic Science, Linköping, Sweden.
Swedish National Laboratory of Forensic Science, Linköping, Sweden.
Swedish National Laboratory of Forensic Science, Linköping, Sweden.
Swedish National Laboratory of Forensic Science, Linköping, Sweden.
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2011 (English)In: Book of Abstracts, 2011, 161- p.Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Crime scene stains often contain extraneous compounds that may interfere with PCR-based DNA analysis,resulting in partial or negative/blank DNA profiles. Extensive DNA purification may remove PCR inhibitors, butinvolve a risk of DNA loss and introduction of contaminations. Customising the chemical content of the PCRreaction is a strategy that may increase PCR inhibitor tolerance without manipulating the sample. Previously wehave shown that crime scene stain analysis can be significantly improved by replacing the commonly used DNApolymerase AmpliTaq Gold with either individual alternative DNA polymerases or a blend of such enzymes [1,2].Here we present the validation of AmpFℓSTR SGM Plus with a modified PCR chemistry for routine casework,applying a 1:1 blend of the DNA polymerases ExTaq Hot Start and PicoMaxx High Fidelity. Allele callings areidentical to standard analysis, and stutters sizes and balance values are indistinguishable. The modified chemistryprovides increased resistance to PCR inhibitors, resulting in an elevated number of detected alleles for crimescene stains of both blood and secretion/saliva. Additionally, the detection limit is improved.[1] Hedman, J., Nordgaard, A., Rasmusson, B., Ansell, R. and Rådström, P. (2009) Improved forensic DNA analysis through the use of alternativeDNA polymerases and statistical modeling of DNA profiles. Biotechniques, 47, 951-958.[2] Hedman, J., Nordgaard, A., Dufva, C., Rasmusson, B., Ansell, R. and Rådström, P. (2010) Synergy between

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. 161- p.
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-70275OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-70275DiVA: diva2:437715
Conference
24th World Congress of the International Society for Forensic Genetics 2011
Available from: 2011-08-30 Created: 2011-08-30 Last updated: 2011-09-05

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Ansell, Ricky

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
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  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
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  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
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Output format
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