Silodosin From Bench to Bedside: Selectivity, Safety, and Sustained Efficacy
2011 (English)In: European urology. Supplement, ISSN 1569-9056, E-ISSN 1878-1500, Vol. 10, no 6, 445-450 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Context: Silodosin is the alpha(1)-adrenoceptor (AR) antagonist with the highest selectivity for the alpha(1A)-AR subtype that is available for the treatment of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) due to benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). How do preclinical findings translate into clinical effect? less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanObjective: Analyse information on the preclinical selectivity profile of silodosin in relation to clinical efficacy and safety. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanEvidence acquisition: A Medline search for published articles on silodosin in preclinical and clinical studies was conducted. Information was also acquired from documents published by the European Medicines Agency. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanEvidence synthesis: Silodosin exhibits high selectivity for the alpha(1A) subtype of the adrenoceptor, and it also displays selectivity for the lower urinary tract and prostate versus vascular functions as assessed in studies of isolated tissues, animal models, and patients. Silodosin causes symptom relief within days and is superior to placebo and noninferior to tamsulosin in reducing symptoms in patients with BPH. The effects of silodosin were sustained for 40-52 wk in open-label extension studies of 1170 patients. The safety and tolerability of silodosin are excellent. Silodosin more frequently causes abnormal ejaculation than placebo or tamsulosin, although only a minority of the patients discontinues treatment due to this adverse event. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanConclusions: Both preclinical and clinical studies support the contention that silodosin has high uroselectivity and a positive cardiovascular safety profile, likely related to its selectivity for the alpha(1A)-AR subtype. Silodosin has a rapid onset of action and a sustained efficacy on LUTS due to BPH.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier , 2011. Vol. 10, no 6, 445-450 p.
Adrenoceptor-alpha(1A), Selective antagonist, Improvement, LUTS, Prostate, Silodosin, alpha-Blockers, Benign prostatic hyperplasia, BPH
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-70515DOI: 10.1016/j.eursup.2011.08.001ISI: 000294297500002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-70515DiVA: diva2:440112