A simple model for estimating the particle size dependence of absolute efficiency of fluorescent screens
1999 (English)In: Physics in Medicine and Biology, ISSN 0031-9155, E-ISSN 1361-6560, Vol. 44, no 5, 1353-67 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The absolute efficiency of a phosphor screen is the ratio of the light energy per unit area at the screen surface to the incident x-ray energy fluence. Particle size is a critical factor in determining the absolute efficiency, but in most models its influence is not accounted for. To allow derivation of the particle size dependence, a model is proposed that describes the optical properties of the screen by means of a single parameter, the light extinction factor, xi, and assumes that the intrinsic efficiency (light energy/energy imparted to the phosphor material) is independent of particle size. The value of xi depends on the type of screen (phosphor, reflective backing, coating and binder) and has to be determined from measurements on at least two screens with known particle size and thickness. The absolute efficiency can then be calculated for an extended range of particle sizes and/or screen thicknesses. To test the model, experimental data from the literature were used to derive values of xi for screens of La2O2S:Tb, LaOBr:Tm and ZnCdS:Ag. The extinction factor was found to vary between -6 and +20%. The non-physical negative value for xi, found from one set of experiments on La2O2S:Tb screens, may be explained as resulting from a lack of accurate knowledge of the actual tube potential, influencing calculated values of the energy imparted to the screen. The results are promising but further well-controlled experiments (including improved dosimetric calculations to account forescape of K-radiation from the screen) are needed to confirm the model.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1999. Vol. 44, no 5, 1353-67 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-70537DOI: doi:10.1088/0031-9155/44/5/319PubMedID: 10368024OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-70537DiVA: diva2:440151