Experimental verification of a model for estimating the particle size dependence of extrinsic efficiency of radioluminescent layers
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
The extrinsic (absolute) efficiency of a phosphor is expressed as the ratio of light energy emitted per unit area at the phosphor surface to incident x-ray energy fluence. Several studies on polycrystalline phosphor materials show that the optical parameters of a specific phosphor may vary within a wide range of values. The aim of this work was to verify a previously published model where all optical parameters were replaced with a single parameter, the light extinction factor ξ. The varying extrinsic efficiency for an extended range of particle sizes and layer thicknesses are calculated from the input parameters: the intrinsic efficiency η, the mean particle size of the phosphor, the thickness of the layer, the light extinction factor and the calculated energy imparted to the layer. The X-ray spectrum was simulated utilising the SpekCalc software (Poludniowski et al 2009). In this work, calculations of the energy imparted to in-house manufactured Gd2O2S:Tb screens, were also compared to calculations improved making use of Monte Carlo simulations (software PENELOPE (Baro et al 1995)). KAP (kerma area product) -rate-values were noted and the corresponding luminance measured and compared to calculated values. The deviations were ±14 % within the studied range.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-70538OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-70538DiVA: diva2:440154