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Översiktlig kartläggning av kommuners erfarenheter kring energi- och klimatstrategiarbete: en enkätstudie
Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Environmental Technology and Management. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Environmental Technology and Management. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Environmental Technology and Management. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7694-7397
2011 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Kommuner har en viktig roll i att bidra till positiv utveckling inom miljö- och hållbarhetsområdet genom myndighetsutövande, som fastighetsägare, informatör och ägare av energibolag et cetera. Alla kommuner måste också, enligt svensk lagstiftning upprätta en energiplan, men flera studier visar att efterlevnaden av denna lag är låg och att dess verkningsfullhet är ifrågasatt. Därför är det intressant att studera och analysera om och hur det energistrategiska arbetet ska utformas för att göra skillnad i lokala energiplaneringsprocesser.

Den här rapporten presenterar resultaten från en enkätundersökning som genomfördes vintern 2010/2011 som en deletapp av forskningsprojektet ”Hållbara energi- och klimatstrategier – lärdomar och utvecklingspotential”. Syftet med undersökningen var att ge en övergripande ögonblicksbild av Uthållig kommun-kommunernas arbetet med energistrategier. Enkätundersökningen riktades till de som står som kontaktpersoner för respektive kommun i Uthållig kommun och behandlade frågor såsom: huruvida det finns en energistrategi, vilka områden som omfattas av strategin, vilka aktörer som varit med och utarbetat den, vilka aktörer som driver energi- och klimatarbetet i kommunen, samt om energistrategiarbetet utvärderas eller följs upp. Av de 66 kommuner som kontaktades valde 60 att delta i undersökningen, vilket resulterar i en svarsfrekvens på 92 procent.

Resultaten från undersökningen visar att deltagarna i uthållig kommun inte har antagit energistrategier i större omfattning än övriga svenska kommuner och att strategierna främst tagits fram i samverkan inom kommunen och med de kommunala bolagen. Mindre än hälften av kommunerna har samverkat med externa aktörer som industri, medborgare eller handel i framtagandet av strategierna. Förankringen av det energi- och klimatstrategiska arbetet i de kommunala organisationerna tycks vara god och både politiker och tjänstemän är i stor utsträckning drivande. De vanligaste åtgärdsområdena i strategierna är energieffektivisering i kommunala fastigheter och transporter. Majoriteten av kommunerna har genomfört konkreta åtgärder för att implementera strategin och alla säger sig arbeta med uppföljning.

Ett stort antal olika benämningar på energistrategier identifierades bland enkätsvaren och variationerna på vad som uppges ingå i energi- och klimatstrategierna är också stor. Att variationerna finns kan förklaras med att det finns fördelar för förankringen av arbetet om arbetsmetoder och semantik anpassas för de lokala förutsättningarna och rådande kultur. Detta kan också leda till osäkerhet när det gäller jämförbarhet med andra kommuner och för samverkan med andra kommuner. Detta kommer att studeras vidare i projektets kommande etapp.

Abstract [en]

Local authorities play several important roles when it comes to promoting sustainable energy systems and can have a significant impact on the local development as planners, real estate owners, communicators and owners of local energy companies. According to Swedish legislation all local authorities establish a local energy plan; however several studies show that this law is poorly followed. Therefore, it is interesting to study and analyze whether and how the local strategic energy efforts could be designed in order to make a difference in local energy planning processes.

This report presents the results from a telephone questionnaire survey that was performed in the winter 2010/2011 and serves as a pre-study in a research project aimed at studying and developing methods for developing and implementing local energy strategies. The survey was addressed to the local authorities within the Swedish Energy Agency’s program Sustainable Cities. The purpose of this report is to create a general overview and a snapshot of the selected local authorities approaches to energy strategies, and cover issues such as whether an energy plan or strategy is present, what issues it addresses, who took part in the development, which actors actuate work with energy issues at the strategic level, and whether follow-up is pursued. The survey was addressed to each local authority’s contact person for the Sustainable City program and it resulted in a response rate of 92 percent.

A little more than 75 percent of the local authorities in the study had adopted local energy strategies. This figure is surprisingly low; given that one of the requirements for participation in the program Sustainable City was that the local authority should have an energy strategy in place. The results also show that the energy planning process generally included several parts of the local authority and municipal companies and had resulted in concrete measures. The most common theme in the respondent organization’s energy strategies were related to the real estates owned and run by the local authority, while the most common measures were related to transports. Almost all local authorities in this study claimed that the performed follow-ups of the energy strategy work and that this was planned for when the plan was designed and set up.

The energy strategies used in the local authorities have been labeled differently and the focus varies. These varieties can be explained by the need to adopt the work to existing local conditions and working procedures. This may however lead to difficulties to compare energy strategies between local authorities and may inhibit collaboration with other local authorities. This will be analyzed further in the next part of the project.

The respondents of the survey, who also were the local contact persons of Sustainable City, had a wide variety of titles of which the most common was related to manager or strategist. This means that they have a central role in the organization. Men were overrepresented in this group, even though there was an even share between male and female respondents. The next most common title was coordinator (environmental-, energy-, climate-) and this group was dominated by women. The respondents were asked who the key persons or functions were regarding the energy strategy efforts and ten out of sixty answered that they alone were the main pushers. However, the most common reply to this question was that it was a combination of officials and politicians that pushed this work forward.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press , 2011. , 34 p.
Series
LIU-IEI-R, 2011:144
Keyword [sv]
energiplanering, energistrategi, klimatstrategi, översikt
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-71013ISRN: LIU-IEI-R--11/0144--SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-71013DiVA: diva2:443878
Available from: 2011-09-27 Created: 2011-09-27 Last updated: 2014-10-08Bibliographically approved

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Översiktlig kartläggning av kommuners erfarenheter kring energi- och klimatstrategiarbete: en enkätstudie(446 kB)479 downloads
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Gustafsson, SaraIvner, JennyJohansson, LarsPalm, Jenny

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