The efficacy of 2D, non-linear noise reduction filtering in cardiac imaging: a pilot study
2011 (English)In: Acta Radiologica, ISSN 0284-1851, E-ISSN 1600-0455, Vol. 52, no 7, 716-722 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Background: Computed tomography (CT) is becoming increasingly popular as a non-invasive method for visualizing the coronary arteries but patient radiation doses are still an issue. Postprocessing filters such as 2D adaptive non-linear filters might help to reduce the dose without loss of image quality. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanPurpose: To investigate whether the use of a 2D, non-linear adaptive noise reduction filter can improve image quality in cardiac computed tomography angiography (CCTA). less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanMaterial and Methods: CCTA examinations were performed in 36 clinical patients on a dual source CT using two patient dose levels: maximum dose during diastole and reduced dose (20% of maximum dose) during systole. One full-dose and one reduced-dose image were selected from each of the examinations. The reduced-dose image was duplicated and one copy postprocessed using a 2D non-linear adaptive noise reduction filter, resulting in three images per patient. Image quality was assessed using visual grading with three criteria from the European guidelines for assessment of image quality and two additional criteria regarding the left main artery and the overall image quality. Also, the HU value and its standard deviation were measured in the ascending and descending aorta. Data were analyzed using Visual Grading Regression and paired t-test. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanResult: For all five criteria, there was a significant (P andlt; 0.01 or better) improvement in perceived image quality when comparing postprocessed low-dose images with low-dose images without noise reduction. Comparing full dose images with postprocessed low-dose images resulted in a considerably larger, significant (P andlt; 0.001) difference. Also, there was a significant reduction of the standard deviation of the HU values in the ascending and descending aorta when comparing postprocessed low-dose images with low-dose images without postprocessing. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanConclusion: Even with an 80% dose reduction, there was a significant improvement in the perceived image quality when using a 2D noise-reduction filter, though not approaching the quality of full-dose images. This indicates that cardiac CT examinations could benefit from noise-reducing postprocessing with 2D non-linear adaptive filters.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Informa Healthcare / Wiley-Blackwell / Royal Society of Medicine Press , 2011. Vol. 52, no 7, 716-722 p.
Cardiac, CT angiography, heart, adults, image manipulation
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-71803DOI: 10.1258/ar.2011.100511ISI: 000295759600007OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-71803DiVA: diva2:453989